Changing Trend in the Etiological Spectrum of Hoarseness of Voice in Rural India: A Prospective Hospital-Based Study


Hoarseness of voice is one of the common symptoms with which patient presents to an otorhinolaryngologist. Hoarseness is a symptom of diverse etiology. The aim of the study was to study the problem of hoarseness relating to its incidence and to identify the common etiologies and predisposing factors leading to hoarseness of voice. This study comprises of 70 cases of hoarseness presenting to Department of Otorhinolaryngology, VIMS, Ballari, Karnataka from October 2015 to March 2017. After taking a thorough history, a complete otolaryngological examination was carried out and supported by relevant investigations, diagnosis was reached. The incidence of hoarseness of voice was noted to be 0.21% in our study. The majority of patients were in 31–40 years and 51–60 years of age group, and male to female ratio was 3.7:1, farmers constituted single largest group (34.3%), and most of the patients were from the rural area (82.9%). Smoking was the commonest habit (54.29%) predisposing to hoarseness of voice. Maximum patients presented with hoarseness of duration of 1–3 months. Laryngeal malignancy was the commonest aetiology noted in our study (38.6%). A complaint of hoarseness may represent a serious disease and, therefore, should not be ignored, especially if present for more than 2 weeks. It needs a complete evaluation to rule out malignancy as a cause.

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Correspondence to S. Vivek.

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Vivek, S., Shankar, G. Changing Trend in the Etiological Spectrum of Hoarseness of Voice in Rural India: A Prospective Hospital-Based Study. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (2020).

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  • Hoarseness
  • Vocal cord
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Laryngeal neoplasm