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Adverse Effect of Mobile Phone on Hearing in Healthy Individuals: A Clinical Study

  • Shalini Jadia
  • Sadat Qureshi
  • Leena Jain
  • Mrityunjay Shringirishi
Original Article
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Abstract

The mobile phone is a ubiquitous piece in this modern world. An estimated 85% of Americans, 80% of the British, and perhaps 75% of Indians use it, as of today. Mobile phones communicate by transmitting radio waves through a network of fixed antennas called base stations. Radio frequency waves are electromagnetic fields, and unlike ionizing radiation such as X-rays or gamma rays, can neither break chemical bonds nor cause ionization in the human body. 1000 participants from outpatient department of a tertiary care center over a period of one and a half years, were included in the study and were divided equally into case (> 1 year use) and control (< 1 year use) groups. Out of 500 cases, maximum 233(46.6%) subjects were using mobile since last 4–6 year and 134(26.8%) were using mobile since last 7–9 year and maximum 344(68.8%) subjects were using mobile 1–3 h/day and 145(29.0%) were using mobile 4–6 h/day.

Keywords

Hours of exposure Mobile phone Sensorineural hearing loss Years of exposure SAR 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Shalini Jadia, Sadat Qureshi, Leena Jain, Mritunjay Shringirishi declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shalini Jadia
    • 1
  • Sadat Qureshi
    • 1
  • Leena Jain
    • 2
  • Mrityunjay Shringirishi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of E.N.TPeoples Medical College and Research CenterBhopalIndia
  2. 2.Department of E.N.TSMBT Institute of Medical SciencesNashikIndia
  3. 3.Department of E.N.TChirayu Medical CollegeBhopalIndia

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