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Is Routine Use of High Resolution Computerized Tomography of Temporal Bone in Patients of Atticoantral Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media without Intracranial Complications Justified?

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Abstract

Role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of temporal bone is established in cases of atticoantral chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with intracranial complications. Routine use of HRCT in management of patients of atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications has been an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the routine use of HRCT of temporal bone in such cases. This study was a prospective study done at LG hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad to evaluate and compare the temporal bone findings in HRCT and intraoperative findings in 100 patients with atticoantral CSOM. All patients underwent HRCT screening followed by surgical exploration of middle ear cleft. In extent of disease HRCT showed very high sensitivity and specificity for epitympanum (100, 94%) and mesotympanum (98, 98%) areas. It gave valuable information of disease extent in hidden areas like sinus tympani and facial recess of mesotympanum. HRCT satisfactorily delineated malleus and incus erosion but had 75% sensitivity for detecting erosion of stapes suprastructure, though specificity was of 97%. For bony anatomical landmarks HRCT showed very high sensitivity and specificity for detecting erosion of lateral semicircular canal, tegmen tympani and sinus plate. Detection of facial canal erosion on HRCT had moderate sensitivity of 75%. We concluded that routine use of HRCT is justified as a reliable preoperative tool in patients with atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications and it helps to plan type of surgical intervention. HRCT has limited role to distinguish between granulations and cholesteatoma and also to delineate stapes supra structure and facial nerve canal.

Keywords

CSOM HRCT Atticoantral Cholesteatoma 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this article declare that he/she has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

Animals were not involved in this study.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and with the 1964 Helenski declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENT, AMC MET Medical CollegeLG HospitalManinagar, AhmedabadIndia

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