Increased Atherosclerosis Correlates with Subjective Tinnitus Severity

  • Fatih Yüksel
  • Duran Karataş
  • Figen Tunalı Türkdoğan
  • Özlem Yüksel
Original Article


The aim of the present study was to investigate whether increased intima media thickness was associated with the severity of subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss. Data of the patients who came to Otorhinolaryngology Department of Isparta Government Hospital with subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus complaint, between January 2012 and June 2013, were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 215 patients were included in the present study. Hearing tests, biochemical analysis, tinnitus handicap inventory (THI), visual analogue scale (VAS) and doppler ultrasonography results of the patients were reviewed and recorded. The patients were classified into two groups as those having an increased intima media thickness and those having a normal intima media thickness. The said groups were compared with respect to age, gender, THI, VAS, hearing test findings and lipid values. Moreover, THI and VAS groups were compared with respect to intima-media thickness. In the group having increased intima-media thickness, THI and VAS average, frequency of hypertension, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and triglyceride averages and mean frequencies obtained by hearing test were significantly higher. Comparison of THI and VAS groups showed that intima-media thickness was significantly different between those having a mild tinnitus and those having a severe tinnitus. Increased intima-media thickness was associated with the severity of subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss. For this reason, the carotid system should be examined in subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus patients.


Atherosclerosis Hearing loss Intima-media thickness Tinnitus 


Conflict of interest

We have no conflict of interest that we should disclose.


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Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatih Yüksel
    • 1
  • Duran Karataş
    • 2
  • Figen Tunalı Türkdoğan
    • 3
  • Özlem Yüksel
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyŞehitkamil Government HospitalGaziantepTurkey
  2. 2.Department of OtolaryngologyVersa HospitalNevşehirTurkey
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyBayrampaşa Government HospitalIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Medical BiochemistryŞehitkamil Government HospitalGaziantepTurkey

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