Pediatric cardiac surgery: a status report on availability, access, and funding across 193 countries

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The author acknowledges Ms. Sudha Samyukta Mutnery for her help with the collection and analysis of the data.


Group 1 (AAAG00)

Albania, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, UK, USA.

Group 2 (AA0G00 + AA0GPH)

(AA0G00) Cuba, Cyprus, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Uruguay, North Korea

(AA0GPH) Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Ecuador, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, Libya, Malaysia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela, Vietnam.

Group 3 (A00H00 + A00GPH)

(A00H00) Algeria, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Eritrea, Fiji, Gambia, Guyana, Haiti, Laos, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

(A00GPH) Afghanistan, Angola, Antiguan and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, Honduras, Iraq, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Uganda.

Group 4 (NA0000)

Andorra, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Dominica, Eswatini, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, Niger, Palau, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Serra Leone, South Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Yemen, Somalia.



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Correspondence to Ashish Katewa.

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The data on per capita income, birth rate, and population data has been sourced from the website The incidence of CHD is presumed at 1 per 100 live births. The number of children born in a country is calculated from this presumed incidence of 1% and the total live births in that country.

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Katewa, A. Pediatric cardiac surgery: a status report on availability, access, and funding across 193 countries. Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 37, 190–192 (2021).

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