Pioneers of congenital heart surgery in India: historical perspective

Mumbai - The Gateway of Congenital Heart Surgery to India

Abstract

Congenital heart surgery was born in the USA and then spread all over the world in the second half of the twentieth century. The speciality was brought to India by foreign-trained Indian surgeons as well as American and Canadian missionary surgeons. The first generation Indian surgeons were trained in the USA, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. In this article, an attempt is made to explore how the pioneer surgeons established this speciality in India by reviewing the published literature, visiting institutions of historical significance, and also interviewing few surgeons who took the key role in both laying the foundation as well as training the next generation surgeons.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. 1.

    Saxena A. History of pediatric cardiology in India. J Pract Cardiovasc Sci. 2015;1:203–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Bel Air Hospital, Panchagni, An epitome of service with exceptional love and care. Article in Christian website “Almayasabdam.com “on 21-09-2017.

  3. 3.

    Professor Profulla KumarSen 1915–1982. Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.1985;1:92–94.

  4. 4.

    Kalke BR ,Magotra RA.Tribute to Kersi Dastur, a pioneer in open heart surgery in India.Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.2010 : 26;228–232.

  5. 5.

    Das MK, Kumar S, Deb PK, Mishra S. History of Cardiology in India. Indian Heart J. 2015;67:163–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Dr. Stanley John. Travails and triumphs of a cardiac surgeon in the 20th century. Chapter 2, page 30. Published 2010 by RituparnaRoy Chowdhury, Bangalore.

  7. 7.

    Cherian KM. Hand of God. New Delhi: Bennet,Coleman&Co Ltd; 2015. p. 125.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    John S, Kejriwal NK, Ravikumar E, Bashi VV, Mohanty BB, Sukumar IP. The clinical profile and surgical treatment of Tetralogy of Fallot in the adult. Results of repair in 200 patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 1986;41:502–6.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    John S, John C, Bashi VV, et al. Tetralogy of Fallot. Intracardiac repair in 840 subjects. Cardiovasc Surg. 1993;1:285–90.

  10. 10.

    Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease – The journey so far in India. Chapter 25,Page 347–353. CSI Textbook Of Cardiology – The Indian Perspective. Published by Jaypee highlights Medical Publishers Inc. Panama. City. Panama. 2018.

  11. 11.

    Ivatury RR. Developing congenital heart surgery in India. The travails and triumphs of a pioneer. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2018;11:174–80.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

In writing this article, my heartfelt gratitude and sincere appreciation go to the following pioneers, stalwarts, mentors and colleagues who were part of the history at different places and different times and were promptly willing to give their valuable time to share their experiences and roles in the development of congenital heart surgery in our country:

Dr. Stanley John (Bangalore), Dr. P. Venugopal (New Delhi), Dr. PS Jairaj (Bangalore), Dr. K M Cherian (Chennai)

Dr. Ganesh Mani (New Delhi), Dr. KS Iyer (New Delhi), Dr. Vinayak Shukla(Vellore), Dr. Rajesh Sharma (New Delhi)

I also wish to thank Dr, Zainulabdeen, Director of Masina Heart Institute, Mumbai; Dr. Shirish S Pargaonkar, Head Department of CVTS, Miraj Heart Institute, Wanless Hospital, Miraj; and Dr. Roy Thankachan, Head Department of CVTS, Christian Medical College, Vellore, for their invaluable inputs and contributions.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Krishna Manohar S R.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval, funding, human and animal rights statement, informed consent

Not required being a review article.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Manohar S R, K. Pioneers of congenital heart surgery in India: historical perspective. Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 37, 9–16 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12055-020-00921-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Congenital
  • Heart
  • Surgery
  • India
  • History