Energy Efficiency

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 175–186 | Cite as

New standby power targets

  • Alan K. MeierEmail author
Original Article


Leaving appliances and other devices in “standby power” mode is a significant source of continual electricity consumption in homes and workplaces. Over the years, a combination of policies and technologies has successfully reduced the amount of power used by devices and appliances when in standby power mode, but these energy savings have been offset by an increase in the number of products drawing standby power and new power requirements for maintaining network connections. Current technologies and policies to reduce energy use during standby have limitations and may not be appropriate for emerging trends in devices such as mobile products, networking, and direct DC power. This work proposes a new strategy to measure and further reduce standby energy consumption, the “Standzero” option, which encourages electrical products to be designed to operate for short periods without relying on grid-supplied electricity. Lower energy consumption is achieved through enhanced efficiency and by harvesting ambient energy. A sensitivity analysis indicates that many electrical devices could be designed to operate for at least an hour without relying on grid power and, in some cases, may be able to operate indefinitely at 0 W until activated.


Standby power Power management Plug loads Miscellaneous loads Appliances Energy standards MEPS 



This work was supported by the California Energy Commission, EPIC Project EPC-15-024.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply  2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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