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Energy Efficiency

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 993–1013 | Cite as

Energy savings potential of uninterruptible power supplies in European Union

  • Pedro MouraEmail author
  • Chris Nuttall
  • Bob Harrison
  • Christoph Jehle
  • Aníbal de Almeida
Original Article

Abstract

Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) are key components of information and communications technologies (ICT) systems, ensuring reliability by maintaining the continuity and quality of the systems’ power supply. The energy consumption of UPS should be an important consideration due to its high impact on the lifecycle costs, but in most applications of UPS, energy efficiency is not the most important issue, since the operational reliability of the ICT systems and the related security of data processing and storage are the major concerns. However, the conversion efficiency of UPS systems has been improving in recent years and high energy savings can be achieved with the adoption of new technologies without a reduction of the reliability levels. The Ecodesign Preparatory Study for UPS (Lot 27) aimed to identify and recommend ways to improve, at their design phase, the environmental performance of UPS in the European Union throughout their lifetime. This paper presents the work developed during the Preparatory Study for UPS focused on the technical analysis of the best available and not yet available technologies, as well as the potential energy savings that can be achieved. Several technologies were considered at component and product level. The main design options were then modelled, and the potential energy savings achievable with policy options focused on minimum efficiency performance standards and energy labelling were assessed, showing a potential for energy savings in European Union in 2025 of 11.4 TWh (65 % energy saving relative to predicted energy requirement of EU ICT system UPS based on current practice).

Keywords

Uninterruptible power supply Directive on ecodesign Energy saving potential Minimum energy efficiency standards Energy labelling Information and communication technologies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research leading to the results presented in this paper received funding from the European Commission under contract SI2.611335, covering EuP Study Lot 27 Uninterruptible Power Supply. The sole responsibility for the content of this paper lies with the authors, and it does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Systems and Robotics, Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Ricardo Energy & EnvironmentWarringtonUK
  3. 3.IntertekMilton KeynesUK

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