Advertisement

Energy Efficiency

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 861–874 | Cite as

Guided group purchases of energy renovation services and works in deprived urban neighbourhoods

  • Christine RuelleEmail author
  • Jacques Teller
Original Article

Abstract

The energy retrofitting of housings is progressing very slowly in Wallonia (Belgium) despite individual fiscal measures and subsidies offered by public authorities to support households engaging in this process. This paper explores the use of a method called ‘guided group purchases’ (GPPs), i.e. an approach combining support, guidance and group purchasing of energy renovation services and works as a possible method to accelerate the retrofitting of the existing housing stock. It reports on an action research experiment conducted in the context of the Interreg project ‘sustainable urban neighbourhoods’ (SUN). The results of this experiment are quite promising. Within a few months, some 80 energy retrofitting interventions (energy audits or insulation works) were implemented in one neighbourhood of the city of Liège. Our evaluation of the experiment showed that the prospect of achieving cost reductions was one of the main initial expectations of participants to the GGPs. Still, the participants rather insisted on other benefits after taking part in the initiative. These benefits were mostly related to the guidance they received, to the facilitation with contractors and to the social dynamics generated by the initiative. Several weaknesses were also identified by the participants, like the lack of follow-up during and after the works. Our evaluation also highlighted that the main landlords did not participate in the initiative and that the influence of GGPs on costs was limited to specific types of interventions. Despite observed limitations and possible improvements, such a neighbourhood-based approach certainly constitutes a promising avenue for public authorities to support and accelerate the energy retrofitting of private residential buildings in urban neighbourhoods.

Keywords

Energy retrofitting Private housing buildings Neighbourhoods Community Group purchases 

References

  1. Adler, P. A., & Adler, P. (1987). Membership roles in field research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. CPDT. (2011). Diagnostic territorial de la Wallonie. Namur: Conférence Permanente du Développement Territorial, Service Public de Wallonie, Département de la Communication.Google Scholar
  3. Christen-Gueissaz, E., Corajoud, G., Fontaine, M., & Racine, J. (Eds.). (2006). Recherche-action: processus d’apprentissage et d’innovation sociale. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  4. Dawance, J. (2003). Les primes à la réhabilitation en Région Wallonne. Conférence Permanente du Développement Territorial (CPDT).Google Scholar
  5. Deakin, M., Campbell, F., & Raid, A. (2012). The mass-retrofitting of an energy efficient-low carbon zone: baselining the urban regeneration strategy, vision, masterplan and redevelopment scheme. Energy Policy, 45, 187–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dowling, R., McGuirk, P., & Bulkeley, H. (2014). Retrofitting cities: local governance in Sydney, Australia. Cities, 38, 18–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. IWEPS (2007). Rapport sur la cohésion sociale en région wallonne—volet statistique. Direction Interdépartementale de l’Intégration Sociale (DIIS) du Ministère de la Région wallonne.Google Scholar
  8. Karlsen, J. I. (1991). Action research as method: reflections from a program for development methods and competence. In W. F. Whyte (Ed.), Participatory action research. Newbury Park: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  9. Kints, C. (2008). La rénovation énergétique et durable des logements wallons. Analyse du bâti existant et mise en évidence des typologies de logements prioritaires. Architecture & Climat - UCL, Ministère de la Région Wallonne (MRW-DGTRE), IEA-SHC-Task 37 (Solar heating & cooling of Task 37).Google Scholar
  10. Marique, A.-F., & Reiter, S. (2012). A method to evaluate the energy consumption of suburban neighbourhoods. HVAC&R Research, 18(1-2), 88–99.Google Scholar
  11. MRW (2005). Atlas de la Wallonie. Ministère de la Région wallonne, Direction générale de l’Aménagement du territoire, du Logement et du Patrimoine (DGATLP).Google Scholar
  12. MRW. (2007). Enquête sur la qualité de l’habitat en Région Wallonne 2006-2007. Namur: Ministère de la Région wallonne.Google Scholar
  13. Peters, J., MacRae, M., Bliss, R., & Vine, E. (2013). How is the neighborhood? Preliminary results from the better buildings neighborhood program. Chicago: International Energy Program Evaluation Conference. August 13-15, 2013.Google Scholar
  14. Rourk, A. (2010). Retrofit bedford stuyvesant, block by block: 2009–2010 pilot summary report. Retrofit NYC Block by Block Programme, Pratt Center for Community Development. Report available on: http://prattcenter.net/sites/default/files/prattcenterretrofitbedstuyreport_0.pdf
  15. RVO (2014). Blok voor blok: de bevindingen. Grootschalige energiebesparing in de bestaande woningbouw. Rijksdienst Voor Ondernemend Netherland. Report available on: http://www.rvo.nl/sites/default/files/2014/07/blok%20voor%20blok_de%20bevindingen.pdf
  16. Saheb, Y., Saussay, A., Rozite, V., Johnson, C., & Blyth, A. (2013). Innovative market framework to enable deep renovation of existing buildings in IEA countries. Chicago: International Energy Program Evaluation Conference. August 13-15, 2013.Google Scholar
  17. Uyttebrouck, C. Ruelle C. (2012). Evaluation de l’opération Isol’action à St-Léonard, menée dans le cadre du volet Energie du projet SUN. Rapport du projet Interreg IVA SUN. Juin 2012.Google Scholar
  18. Valkering, P., Beumer, C., de Kraker, J., & Ruelle, C. (2013). An analysis of learning interactions in a cross-border network for sustainable urban neighbourhood development. Journal of Cleaner Production, 49, 85–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Verbeeck, G., & Hens, H. (2005). Energy savings in retroffited dwellings: economically viable? Energy and Buildings, 37, 747–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Whyte, W. F. (1984). Learning from the field. A guide from experience. Sage Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Liege—LEMALiègeBelgium

Personalised recommendations