Vibration analysis of the steel shell flow tube in a vertical axial pumping station based on fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method

Abstract

Design scheme of steel shell flow tube in the inflow and outflow passage of the vertical axial pumping stations takes advantages of conventional concrete scheme in simple construction and convenient installation of the pump. A three-dimensional pumping station model was established based on fluid-structure interaction method in ADINA. Typical measure points were selected to analyze the features of the unsteady turbulent flow in fluid zone and vibration responses of the steel shell tube in solid zone. Time and frequency domain investigation of fluid domain revealed the transmission path of pressure pulsation, that was the pulsation transferred from the pump to the inlet and outlet respectively with amplitudes sharply decreasing, which verified the rationality of calculation and established the basis on structure analysis. Dynamic displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of measure points in steel shell tube showed that top shell domain near the inlet of steel shell flow tube had obvious vibration amplitude, which required great attention. The first main frequency equaled the rotational frequency of the blade, indicating one of the most important vibration sources in the pump was the pressure pulsation induced by blade rotation. The design scheme of steel shell flow tube is practical and could be promoted to other similar pumping stations because the vibration amplitude is much lower than the regularity. This research provides great importance to the design and application of the steel shell flow tube in pumping stations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14

References

  1. 1

    Shah S R, Jain S V, Patel R N and Lakhera V J 2013 CFD for centrifugal pumps: a review of the State-of-the-Art. Proc. Eng. 51 715–720

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Li D Y, Wang H J, Xiang G M and Gong R Z 2015 Unsteady simulation and analysis for hump characteristics of a pump turbine model. Renew. Energy. 77 32–42

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Jafarzadeh B, Hajari A, Alishahi M M and Akbaria M H 2011 The flow simulation of a low-specific-speed high-speed centrifugal pump. Appl. Math. Modell. 35 242–249

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Choi H J, Zullah M A, Roh H W, Ha P S, Oh S Y and Lee Y H 2013 CFD validation of performance improvement of a 500kW Francis turbine; Renew. Energy. 54 111–123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Zhang D S, Shi W D, Chen B and Guan X F 2010 Unsteady flow analysis and experimental investigation of axial-flow pump; J.Hydrodyn. 22 35–43

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Zhang D S, Shi W D, Esch B P M, Shi L and Dubuisson M 2015 Numerical and experimental investigation of tip leakage vortex trajectory and dynamics in an axial flow pump. Comput. Fluids. 112 61–71

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Dong X, Guo Y, Bi Z, Li Y B and Cheng X R 2015 Internal and external characteristics of axial-flow pump based on coupling CFX with Workbench. J. Drain. Irrig. Mach. Eng. 33 488–493

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Zhang Y X, Wang X Y, Ding P and Tang X L 2014 Numerical analysis of pressure fluctuation of internal flow in submersible axial-flow pump. J. Drain. Irrig. Mach. Eng. 32 302–307

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Zhang D S, Pan D Z, Shi W D and Zhang G J 2014 Numerical simulation of cavitation flow in axial flow pump and induced pressure fluctuation. J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. 17 423–428

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Shi W D, Zhang G J, Zhang D S, Wu S Q and Xu Y D 2014 Effects of non-uniform suction flow on performance and pressure fluctuation in axial-flow pumps. J. Drain. Irrig. Mach. Engi 32 277–282

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Wang S, Zhang L J and Yin G J 2017 Numerical investigation of the FSI characteristics in a tubular pump. Math. Probl. Eng. 2017 1–9

    MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Abu-Zeid M A and Abdel-Rahman S M 2013 Bearing problems’ effects on the dynamic performance of pumping stations. Alexandr. Eng. J. 52 241–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Ye X and Ding X T 2016 Vibration characteristics and resistance of structures of third Huaian pumping station. Adv. Sci.Technol. Water Resour. 36 86–89

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Wang X, Li T C and Pan S J 2008 Vibration analysis of the pump-house of the third Huaiyin Pumping Station. Adv. Sci. Technol. Water Resour. 28(5) 49–53

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Wang X 2008 Research on submarine cable shield insulation in Hainan interconnection project. Water Resour. Power. 26(5) 178–181

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Li Y Y, Gao F, Li Q H and Yang K K 2014 Computing method of vibration in large bulb tubular pump system. Adv. Sci. Technol. Water Resour. 34(5) 69–74

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Shi W D, Wang G T, Zhang D S, Jiang X P and Xu Y 2013 Stress characteristics in blades of axial-flow pump based on fluid-structure interaction. J. Draina. Irrig. Mach. Eng. 31 737–740

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Zhang X, Zheng Y, Mao X L, Wu Z Q, Kan K and Mou T 2014 Strength analysis of axial flow pump impeller based on fluid solid coupling. Water Resourc.Power. 32(7) 137–139

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Tang X L, Jia Y X, Wang F J, Zhou D Q, Xiao R F, Wu Y L and Liu Z Q 2013 Turbulent flows in tubular pump and fluid-structure interaction characteristics of impeller. J. Drain. Irrig. Mach. Eng. 31 379–383

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Shi W D, Wang G T, Jiang X P, Zhang D S, Yun Q L and Xu Y 2012 Numerical calculation for effect of fluid-structure interaction on flow field in axial-flow pump. Fluid Machi. 40(1) 31–34

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21

    Shang W, Liao W L and Zheng X B 2009 Strength of axial flow blades considering fluid-structure interaction. Journal of Hohai University. 37(4) 441–445

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22

    Li J, Zhong C W, Pan D X and Zhuo C S 2016 A gas-kinetic scheme coupled with SST model for turbulent flows. Comput. Math. Appl. 78(4) 1227–1242

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23

    Kim S J, Jung J S and Kang S 2015 Fully three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes modeling for solving free surface flows around coastal drainage gates. J. Hydro-environ. Res. 13 121–133

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24

    Menter F R 1993 Zonal two equation k-w turbulence models for aerodynamic flows. Recon Technical Report N. 93 1–21

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25

    Menter F R, Kuntz M and Langtry R 2003 Ten years of industrial experience with the SST turbulence model. Turbulence. 2003 1–8

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26

    Menter F R 2009 Review of the shear-stress transport turbulence model experience from an industrial perspective. Int. J. Comput. Fluid Dyn. 23 305–316

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27

    Pálfalvi A 2010 Efficient solution of a vibration equation involving fractional derivatives. Int. J. Non-Linear Mech. 45 169–175

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28

    Wei S H and Zhang L J 2010 Vibration analysis of hydropower house based on fluid-structure coupling numerical method. Water Sci. Eng. 3 75–84

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0404903), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2016B41014) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD). The authors are very grateful to the Institute of Hydraulic Structure for providing us with the high-performance server for calculation.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shuo Wang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wang, S., Zhang, L., Yin, G. et al. Vibration analysis of the steel shell flow tube in a vertical axial pumping station based on fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method. Sādhanā 46, 30 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-021-01560-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Fluid-structure interaction
  • steel shell flow tube
  • axial pump
  • vibration
  • ADINA