, 43:57 | Cite as

Thermal, electrical, mechanical and fluidity properties of polyester-reinforced concrete composites

  • Bariş Şimşek
  • Tayfun Uygunoğlu


Polyester particles in concrete are preferred because they provide thermal, chemical and water resistance. In this study, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity, mechanical strength and water resistance properties of concretes containing polyester granules such as flame-retardant polyester, cationic dyeable polyester and polyester with a low melting point-filled concrete have been analyzed using a full factorial design via Minitab® version 17. The effect of the most influential factors on thermal conductivity of polyester aggregate reinforced concrete composite has been determined as an interaction between the cationic dyeable and low-melt–point polyester. This mixture is suitable for production of thermal insulating concrete. Moreover, it is concluded that cationic dyeable polyester is the highest corrosion- and water-resistant product among the polyesters used in this study. The recovery rate of 33.94% in the thermal conductivity and 214.89% in the electrical resistivity of polyester-reinforced concrete composites has been obtained with a 28-day compressive strength loss of 41.94% according to the reference concrete in the full factorial design application. These results indicate that the polyester-reinforced concrete composites are quite effective in achieving thermal and corrosion resistance concrete but with noticeable compressive strength loss.


Design of experiment electrical resistivity polyester-reinforced concrete composites thermal conductivity product design 


  1. 1.
    Xu F, Zhou M, Chen J and Ruan S 2014 Mechanical performance evaluation of polyester fiber and SBR latex compound-modified cement concrete road overlay material. Constr. Build. Mater. 63: 142–149. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Seleem H E H 2006 The effect of inorganic fillers on the mechanical and thermal properties of polyester. Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng. 45(5): 585–590. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heidari-Rarani M, Aliha M R M, Shokrieh M M and Ayatollahi M R 2014 Mechanical durability of an optimized polymer concrete under various thermal cyclic loadings—An experimental study. Constr. Build. Mater. 64: 308–315. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhao L, Guo X, Ge C, Li Q, Guo L, Shu X and Liu J 2016 Investigation of the effectiveness of PC@GO on the reinforcement for cement composites. Constr. Build. Mater. 113: 470–478. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martínez-Barrera G, Menchaca-Campos C and Gencel O 2013 Polyester polymer concrete: Effect of the marble particle sizes and high gamma radiation doses. Constr. Build. Mater. 41: 204–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rohatgi P K, Matsunaga T and Gupta N 2009 Compressive and ultrasonic properties of polyester/fly ash composites. J. Mater. Sci. 44(6): 1485. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Saribiyik M, Piskin A and Saribiyik A 2013 The effects of waste glass powder usage on polymer concrete properties. Constr. Build. Mater. 47: 840–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shokrieh M M, Rezvani S and Mosalmani R 2015 A novel polymer concrete made from fine silica sand and polyester. Mech. Compos. Mater. 51(5): 571–580. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ribeiro M, Reis J, Ferreira A and Marques A 2003 Thermal expansion of epoxy and polyester polymer mortars—plain mortars and fibre-reinforced mortars. Polym. Test. 22(8): 849–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ribeiro M, Tavares C and Ferreira A 2002 Chemical resistance of epoxy and polyester polymer concrete to acids and salts. J. Polym. Eng. 22(1): 27–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Siddique R, Kapoor K, Kadri E H and Bennacer R 2012 Effect of polyester fibres on the compressive strength and abrasion resistance of HVFA concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 29: 270–278. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Abu-Jdayil B, Mourad A H and Hussain A 2016 Thermal and physical characteristics of polyester–scrap tire composites. Constr. Build. Mater. 105: 472–479. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nabinejad O, Sujan D, Rahman M E and Davies I J 2015 Effect of oil palm shell powder on the mechanical performance and thermal stability of polyester composites. Mater. Des. 65: 823–830. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jamshidi M and Pourkhorshidi A R 2012 Modified polyester resins as an effective binder for polymer concretes. Mater. Struct. 45(4): 521–527. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Adeosun S O, Gbenebor O P, Akpan E I and Udeme F A 2016 Influence of organic fillers on physicochemical and mechanical properties of unsaturated polyester composites. Arabian J. Sci. Eng. 41(10): 4153–4159. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang B, Qian T, Zhang Q, Zhan X and Chen F 2016 Heat resistance and surface properties of polyester resin modified with fluorosilicone. Surf. Coat. Technol. 304: 31–39. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lin J H, Hsieh J C, Lin J Y, Lin M C and Lou C W 2014 Polyester/low melting point polyester nonwoven fabrics used as soilless culture mediums: effects of the content of low melting point polyester fibers. In: Applied Mechanics and Materials 2014, pp. 49–52. Trans Tech Publ 10.4028/
  18. 18.
    Carosio F, Di Blasio A, Cuttica F, Alongi J and Malucelli G 2014 Flame retardancy of polyester and polyester–cotton blends treated with caseins. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 53(10): 3917–3923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhao M L, Li F X, Yu J Y and Wang X L 2014 Preparation and characterization of poly (ethylene terephthalate) copolyesters modified with sodium-5-sulfo-bis-(hydroxyethyl)-isophthalate and poly (ethylene glycol). J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(3): 39823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    TS EN ISO 1183-1 2015 Plastics—Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics—Part 1: Immersion method, liquid pyknometer method and titration method. p. 22.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    TS EN ISO 527-1 2015 Plastics—Determination of tensile properties—Part 1: General principles. p. 33Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bounouri Y, Berkani M, Zamouche A and Rycerz L 2017 Optimization and modeling of synthesis parameters of neodymium(III) bromide by dry method using full factorial design analysis. Arabian J. Chem. Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cintas P G, Almagro L M and Llabrés X T M 2012 Pareto charts and cause–effect diagrams. In: Industrial Statistics with Minitab. Wiley, pp. 31–36Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Şimşek B and Uygunoğlu T 2016 Multi-response optimization of polymer blended concrete: A TOPSIS based Taguchi application. Constr. Build. Mater. 117: 251–262. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Huang J, Lv H, Gao T, Feng W, Chen Y and Zhou T 2014 Thermal properties optimization of envelope in energy-saving renovation of existing public buildings. Energy Build. 75: 504–510. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    ASTM C1113/C1113M-09 2013 Standard test method for thermal conductivity of refractories by hot wire (Platinum Resistance Thermometer Technique) (American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wang H, Yang J, Liao H and Chen X 2016 Electrical and mechanical properties of asphalt concrete containing conductive fibers and fillers. Constr. Build. Mater. 122: 184–190. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lübeck A, Gastaldini A L G, Barin D S and Siqueira H C 2012 Compressive strength and electrical properties of concrete with white Portland cement and blast-furnace slag. Cem. Concr. Compos. 34(3): 392–399. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    TS EN 2010 Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 3, Compressive Strength of Test Specimens. p. 21. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    TS EN 2010 Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 6, Determination of Splitting Tensile Strength of Concrete Specimens. p. 13. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    TS EN 2010 Testing fresh concrete-Part 5, Flow table test. p. 9. AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    TS EN 12390 2010 Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 7, Density of Hardened Concrete, p. 12. Ankara.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Şimşek B, İç Y T and Şimşek E H 2016 A RSM-based multi-response optimization application for determining optimal mix proportions of standard ready-mixed concrete. Arabian J. Sci. Eng. 41(4): 1435–1450. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Marzouk O Y, Dheilly R M and Queneudec M 2007 Valorization of post-consumer waste plastic in cementitious concrete composites. Waste Manage. 27(2): 310–318. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gu L and Ozbakkaloglu T 2016 Use of recycled plastics in concrete: a critical review. Waste Manage. 51: 19–42. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Fraj A B, Kismi M and Mounanga P 2010 Valorization of coarse rigid polyurethane foam waste in lightweight aggregate concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 24(6): 1069–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Goñi S, Frias M, Vegas I, García R and de la Villa R V 2012 Quantitative correlations among textural characteristics of C–S–H gel and mechanical properties: case of ternary Portland cements containing activated paper sludge and fly ash. Cem. Concr. Compos. 34(8): 911–916. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringÇankırı Karatekin UniversityÇankırıTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringAfyon Kocatepe UniversityAfyonTurkey

Personalised recommendations