Advertisement

Sādhanā

, 43:31 | Cite as

Unavoidable front contact model of Si solar cell through a generalized effective medium approximation approach

  • S MAITY
  • V KARTIK
  • P P SAHU
  • P K SWAIN
  • C T BHUNIA
  • S DEBNATH
Article

Abstract

Fill factor of the solar cell mainly depends on series resistance and contact resistance, which are the most effective parameters to collect carriers (electrons and holes) from both electrodes of C-Si solar cells. We have used both mathematical and experimental approaches to reduce these resistances for enhancement of power conversion efficiency (PCE) by increasing fill factor. After processing by light-induced plating (LIP) for metal contact, the PCE of solar cell is obtained as 14.43%, which is 8.8% more than that before LIP processing.

Keywords

Contact resistance quantum efficiency series resistance GEMA void fraction LIP 

References

  1. 1.
    Araujo G L and Sanchez E 1982 A new method for experimental determination of the series resistance of a solar cell. IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 29: 1511–1513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chegaar M, Nehaoua N and Bouhemadou A 2008 Organic and inorganic solar cells parameters evaluation from single I–V plot. Energy Convers. Manage. 49: 1376–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chegaar M, Ouennoughi Z and Hoffmann A 2001 A new method for evaluating illuminated solar cell parameters. Solid-State Electron. 45: 293–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Easwarakhanthan T, Bottin J, Bouhouch I and Boutrit C 1986 Nonlinear minimization algorithm for determining the solar cell parameters with microcomputers. Int. J. Sol. Energy 4: 1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Handy R J 1967 Theoretical analysis of the series resistance of a solar cell. Solid-State Electron. 10: 765–775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ishibashi K I, Kimura Y and Niwamo M 2008 An extensively valid and stable method for derivation of all parameters of a solar cell from a single current–voltage characteristic. J. Appl. Phys. 103: 094507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jain A and Kapoor A 2005 A new approach to study organic solar cell using Lambert W-function. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 86: 197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaminski A, Marchand J J and Laugier A 1999 I–V methods to extract junction parameters with special emphasis on low series resistance. Solid-State Electron. 43: 741–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Murayama M and Mori T 2006 Equivalent circuit analysis of dye-sensitized solar cell by using one-diode model: effect of carboxylic acid treatment of TiO2 electrode. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(pt1): 542–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ortiz-Conde A, Sánchez F J G and Muci J 2006 New methods to extract model parameters of solar cells from the explicit analytic solutions of their illuminated I–V characteristics. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90: 352–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Radziemska E 2005 Dark I–U–T measurements of single crystalline silicon solar cells. Energy Convers. Manage. 46: 1485–1494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rajkanan K and Shewchun J 1979 A better approach to the evaluation of the series resistance of solar cells. Solid-State Electron. 22: 193–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wolf M and Rauschenbach H 1963 Series resistance effects on solar cells measurements. Adv. Energy Convers. 3: 455–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kray D, Bay N, Cimiotti G, Kleinschmidt S, Kösterke N, Lösel A, Sailer M, Träger A, Kühnlein H, Nussbaumer H, Fleischman C and Granek F 2010 Industrial LCP selective emitter solar cells with plated contacts. In: Proceedings of the 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, June 20–25, pp. 667–671Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mai L, Hameiri Z, Tjahjono B S, Wenham S R, Sugianto A and Edwards M B 2009 Rear junction laser doped solar cells on CZ n-Type silicon. In: Proceedings of the 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Philadelphia, June 7–12, pp. 1811–1815Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sugianto A, Bovatsek J, Wenham S, Tjahjono B, Xu G, Yao Y, Hallam B, Bai X, Kuepper N, Chong C M and Patel R 2010 18.5% laser-doped solar cell on CZ p-type silicon. In: Proceedings of the 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, June 20–25, pp. 689–694Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tjahjono B S, Guo J H, Hameiri Z, Mai L, Sugianto A, Wang S and Wenham S R 2007 High efficiency solar cell structure through the use of laser doping. In: Proceedings of the 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, September 3–7, pp. 966–969Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Glunz S W 2007 High-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells. Adv. Opto-Electron. 2007: 15, Article ID 97370Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mette A, Schetter C, Wissen D, Lust S, Glunz S W and Willeke G 2006 Increasing the efficiency of screenprinted silicon solar cells by light induced silver plating. In: Proceedings of the 4th IEEE World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Hawaii, USA, May, pp. 1056–1059Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Durkee L F 1979 US Patent No. 4144139. Solarex Corporation, USA Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jensen J D, Møller P, Bruton T, Mason N, Russell R, Hadley J, Verhoeven P and Matthewson A 2003 Electrochemical deposition of buried contacts in high-efficiency crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. J. Electrochem. Soc. 150: G49–G57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vincenzo A, Bakr O M and Stellacci F 2010 A study of the surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles by the discrete dipole approximation method: effect of shape, size, structure, and assembly. Plasmonics 5(1): 85–97 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S MAITY
    • 1
  • V KARTIK
    • 2
  • P P SAHU
    • 1
  • P K SWAIN
    • 3
  • C T BHUNIA
    • 4
  • S DEBNATH
    • 5
  1. 1.Electronics and Communication EngineeringTezpur UniversityTezpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Basic ScienceNational Institute of Technology, Arunachal PradeshNaharlagunIndia
  4. 4.Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of Technology, Arunachal PradeshNaharlagunIndia
  5. 5.Department of Information TechnologyMizoram UniversityTanhrilIndia

Personalised recommendations