, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 85–94 | Cite as

Recovery of naringin from kinnow (Citrus reticulata Blanco) peels by adsorption–desorption technique using an indigenous resin

  • M Laxmi Deepak Bhatlu
  • Satya Vir Singh
  • Ashok Kumar Verma


A process technology has been developed for recovery of naringin from kinnow (citrus) peels, which is a waste. The kinnow peels were boiled with water to extract naringin into water. It was adsorbed on an indigenous macroporous resin, Indion PA-500. Naringin was recovered from the saturated resin by desorption with ethanol as a solvent. The equilibrium and kinetic studies for both adsorption and desorption are presented. The Langmuir isotherm described the adsorption equilibrium data. However, desorption data were best described by the Toth isotherm. Adsorption and desorption kinetic data were found to follow a pseudo-second-order rate equation and second-order rate equation, respectively. Recovery of naringin was about 49% w/w (based on naringin present in peel-boiled extract). The purity of final products was 91–94% w/w.


Naringin process development adsorption process technology waste management 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M Laxmi Deepak Bhatlu
    • 1
  • Satya Vir Singh
    • 1
  • Ashok Kumar Verma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University)VaranasiIndia

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