Journal of Genetics

, Volume 97, Issue 5, pp 1241–1251 | Cite as

Molecular breeding of ameliorating commercial pearl millet hybrid for downy mildew resistance

  • Jyoti Taunk
  • Asha Rani
  • Neelam R. YadavEmail author
  • Dev Vart Yadav
  • Ram C. Yadav
  • Kushal Raj
  • Ramesh Kumar
  • H. P. Yadav
Research Article


Downy mildew (DM) caused by Sclerospora graminicola is the most calamitous disease of pearl millet. Therefore, for introgression of DM resistance (DMR) in HHB 197 (MH-1302), an elite pearl millet hybrid, a marker-assisted breeding was undertaken by targeting three DMR loci on linkage groups (LGs) 1, 2 and 4. Breeding programme was initiated by crossing HBL 11 (DM susceptible), male parent of HHB 197 hybrid with ICMP 451 (DM-resistant) to produce true \(\hbox {F}_{1}\) plants. By conducting three rounds of backcrossing and selection, \(\hbox {BC}_{3}\hbox {F}_{1}\) lines were generated. Foreground selection was employed using six polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers of the 18 total selected markers. Four of these markers were linked to LG 1, five to LG 2 and nine to LG 4. Background selection was performed in \(\hbox {BC}_{3}\hbox {F}_{1}\) generation using 33 polymorphic SSR markers of a total of 56 evenly spread SSR markers in the pearl millet genome to check recovery of recurrent parent genome. On the basis of genotypic selection (foreground as well as background) using selected SSR markers, agronomic performance in field and DM screening in greenhouse; 10 improved HBL 11 lines were selected and crossed with ICMA 97111 to produce DM-resistant HHB 197 hybrid versions. Six putatively improved HHB 197 hybrids were successfully tested in first year trials at Hisar and Bawal locations of Haryana and two selected versions with higher yield and zero DM incidence will be further tested in multilocation trials.


downy mildew HHB 197 hybrid marker-assisted selection pearl millet simple sequence repeat 



The authors are thankful to Head, Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics and Head, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University for providing all the research facilities. The authors wish to acknowledge University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India for providing a Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) to the first author. Dr Poonam Mor, Assistant Professor, Department of Languages and Haryanvi Culture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University is gratefully acknowledged for language review of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (docx 25 KB)


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyoti Taunk
    • 1
  • Asha Rani
    • 1
  • Neelam R. Yadav
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dev Vart Yadav
    • 2
  • Ram C. Yadav
    • 1
  • Kushal Raj
    • 3
  • Ramesh Kumar
    • 2
  • H. P. Yadav
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and BioinformaticsChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Plant PathologyChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisarIndia

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