Lithological variations, circular spectral anomalies, geological structures such as folds, faults, lineaments and shear zones of Kutch sedimentary basin were interpreted using IRS-LISS III satellite data. Aeromagnetic data was also interpreted qualitatively and quantitatively and a number of anomalous magnetic zones, faults, lineaments and domal structures were mapped. Magnetic basement depths and thickness of sediments were also computed. A number of alternate basement ridges/highs/uplifted blocks and depressions/lows/downthrown blocks were delineated. The information obtained from satellite remote sensing and aeromagnetic data were then integrated and the results were compared with published literature on gravity, magnetic (ground), magnetotelluric and seismic data, and also with field geology and well data. Structural controls in spatial domain (latitude, longitude and depth) were derived by establishing spatial relationship among different geological structures with reference to the geological time scale. Numerous horst and graben structures (ridges and sub-basins) as well as a number of master faults were delineated which serve as vital information with regard to hydrocarbon prospects and earthquake vulnerability, respectively. Based on the information obtained from this integrated study, a conceptual tectonometamorphic model along with sedimentation and igneous activity (ophiolitic and basaltic) has been constructed which has a significant bearing on the sequence of events that occurred during the deformational history of Kutch sedimentary basin resulting into the present day tectonic configuration.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Aitken A R and Betts P G 2008 High-resolution aeromagnetic data over central Australia assist Genville-era (1300–1100 MA), Rodinia reconstructions; Geophys. Res. Lett. 35 L01306.
Anand S P and Rajaram Mita 2002 Aeromagnetic data to probe the Dharwar craton; Curr. Sci. 83 162–163.
Akintayo O O, Toyin O O and Adekanle O J 2014 Determination of location and depth of mineral rocks at Olode village in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria using geophysical methods; Int. J. Geophys., Article ID 306862, 1–13.
Al-Nahmi F, Saddiqi O, Hilali A, Rhinane H, Baidder L, El arabi H and Khanbari K 2017 Application of remote sensing in geological mapping: Case study Al Maghrabah Area–Hajjah region, Yemen; ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. IV-4/W4 63–71.
An L J and Sammis G G 1996 Development of strike-slip faults: Shear experiments in granular materials and clay using a new technique; J. Struct. Geol. 8 1061–1077.
Anudu G K, Onuba L N, Onwuemesi A G and Ikpokonte A E 2012 Analysis of aeromagnetic data over Wamba and its adjoining areas in north-central Nigeria; Earth Sci. Res. 16(1) 25–33.
Babu Rao V, Atchuta Rao D, Rama Rao Ch, Sarma B S P, Bhaskara Rao D S, Veeraswamy K and Sarma M R L 1987 Some salient results of interpretation of aeromagnetic data over Cuddapah basin and adjoining terrain, south India; Geol. Soc. India Memoir 6 295–312.
Berger Z, Fortin D and Wang X 2004 High-resolution aeromagnetic (HRAM) surveys: Exploration applications from the western Canada sedimentary basin – exploration in highly deformed terrains using fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter-mounted systems; Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. 40123.
Biswas S K 1971 The Miliolite rocks of Kutch and Kathiawar (Western India); Sedim. Geol. 5 147–164.
Biswas S K 1974 Landscape of Kutch – A morphotectonic analysis; Indian J. Earth Sci. 1 177–198.
Biswas S K 1981 Basin framework palaeoenvironment and depositional history of Mesozoic sediments of Kutch basin, western India; QJGMM Soc. India 53 56–85.
Biswas S K 1982 Western rift basin of India and hydrocarbon prospects; ONGC, pp. 223–232.
Biswas S K 2005 A review of structure and tectonics of Kutch basin, western India, with special reference to earthquakes; Curr. Sci. 88 1592–1600.
Biswas S K 2012 Status of petrolem exploration in India; Proc. Indian Nat. Sci. Acad. 78 475–494.
Biswas S K and Deshpande S V 1973 A note on mode of eruption of Deccan Trap lavas with special reference to Kutch; J. Geol. Soc. India 14 134–141.
Biswas S K and Deshpande S V 1970 Geological and tectonic maps of Kutch; Bull. ONGC 7 115–116.
Biswas S K and Deshpande S V 1968 Basement of the Mesozoic sediments of Kutch, western India; Bull. Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India 40 1–7.
Blakely R J 1995 Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 441p.
Boyd D M and Isles D J 2007 Geological interpretation of airborne magnetic surveys-40 years on; In: Proceedings of Exploration 07: Fifth Decennial International Conference on Mineral Exploration (ed.) B Milkereit, pp. 491–505.
Boyd D 1969 The contribution of airborne magnetic survey to geological mapping, mining and groundwater geophysics 1967; Geol. Survey Canada, Econ. Geol. Rep. 26 213–227.
Chandrasekhar D V, Singh B, Firozishah M and Mishra D C 2005 Analysis of gravity and magnetic anomalies of Kachchh rift basin, India and its comparison with the New Madrid seismic zone, USA; Curr. Sci. 88 1601–1608.
Chandrasekhar P, Chandra Mouli K, Rao D P and Dadhwal V K 2018 Subsurface geological structure and tectonics as evidenced from integrated interpretation of aeromagnetic and remote sensing data over Kutch sedimentary basin, western India; Curr. Sci. 114 174–185.
Chandrasekhar P and Seshadri K 2013 Analysis of remote sensing and aeromagnetic data for identification of the causative factors for the recent micro-seismicity observed in Vanasthalipuram area of Ranga Reddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India; Curr. Sci. 104 502–508.
Chandrasekhar P, Tapas R M, Venkateswarlu N, Subramanian S K and Kamaraju M V V 2011 Regional geological studies over parts of Deccan syneclise using remote sensing and geophysical data for understanding hydrocarbon prospects; Curr. Sci. 100 95–99.
Chandrasekhar P 2010 Integration of high resolution satellite data and electrical resistivity technique for groundwater exploration and exploitation over parts of Mahbubnagar district, A.P., India; J. Ind. Geophys. Union 14 211–218.
Chandrasekhar P, Vinod Kumar K, Tapas R M and Subramanian S K 2009 Multi-Earth observation data to identify indicators for mineralized zones in parts of Iran; J. Ind. Geophys. Union 13 133–138.
Colin Reeves 2005 Aeromagnetic Surveys: Principles, Practice and Interpretation; Published by GEOSOFT, 155p.
Cowan and Cowan 1991 Analytical techniques in interpretation of aeromagnetic data; Explor. Geophys. 22 81–84.
Das S, Pardeshi S D, Kulkarni P P and Doke A 2018 Extraction of lineaments from different azimuth angles using geospatial techniques: A case study of Pravara basin, Maharashtra, India; Arab. J. Geosci. 11 160.
David J I and Leigh R R 2013 Geological interpretation of Aeromagnetic data; Australian Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 357p.
Deshpande S V 1982 Precambrian basement configuration of Saurashtra peninsula, W. India; Abstract, Proc. Symp. Indian Lithosphere.
Ganguly K and Mitran T 2016 Delineation and assessment of Central Indian Suture through lineament extraction approach using remote sensing and geographic information system; Geocarto Int. 31 308–327.
Gaonkar S G 2003 Study of the epicentral trends and depth sections for aftershocks of the 26th January 2001, Bhuj earthquake in western India; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.) 112 401–412.
Ghosh D and Ramesh Acharya G 2006 Structural features of Bundelkhand granite complex for geology and structure; J. Geol. Soc. India 68 949–958.
Hinze W J and Zietz I 1985 The composite magnetic anomaly map of the conterminous United States: The utility of regional gravity and magnetic anomaly maps (ed.) Hinze W J, Soc. Expl. Geophysicists.
Kusala Rajendran, Rajendran C P, Mahesh T and Martitia P T 2001 The 2001 Kutch (Bhuj) earthquake: Coseismic surface features and their significance; Curr. Sci. 80 1397–1405.
Masoud A A and Koike K 2011 Morphotectonics inferred from the analysis of topographic lineaments auto-detected from DEM: Application and validation for the Sinai peninsula, Egypt; Tectonophys. 510 291–308.
Mathew M P, Ramachandra H M, Gouda H C, Singh R K, Ramesh Acharya G, Murthy Ch V V S and Rao K S 2001 IGRF corrected regional aeromagnetic anomaly map of parts of peninsular India – Potential for mapping and mineral exploration; GSI Spec. Publ. 58 395–406.
Merh S S 1995 Geology of Gujarat; Geol. Soc. India.
Mikhailov A Ye 1987 A Text Book on Structural Geology and Geological Mapping; Mir Publishers, Moscow, 535p.
Milligan P R and Gunn P J 1997 Enhancement and presentation of airborne geophysical data; AGSO J. Austr. Geol. Geophys.17 63–75.
Mishra D C, Arora K and Tiwari V M 2004 Gravity anomalies and associated tectonic features over the Indian Peninsular Shield and adjoining ocean basins; Tectonophys. 379 61–76.
Mishra D C, Chandrasekhar D V and Singh B 2005 Tectonics and crustal structures related to Bhuj earthquake of January 26, 2001 based on gravity and magnetic surveys constrained from seismic and seismological studies; Tectonophys. 396 195–207.
Misra K S, Bhutani R and Sonp R 2003 Aftershocks of 26th January 2001 Bhuj earthquake and seismotectonics of the Kutch region; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Earth Planet. Sci.) 112 385–390.
Murthy B S R 2007 Airborne geophysics and the Indian scenario; J. Indian Geophys. Union 11 1–28.
Nagarjuna D and Rao C K 2019 Magnetotelluric study to characterize sediment thickness across Kachchh and Cambay rift basins, western India; Curr. Sci. 116 299–304.
NRSA Tech. Rep. No. NRSA.AD.44.TR-1/1998 Aeromagnetic survey–Interpretation with IRS data in structural mapping for hydrocarbon exploration over Kutch Basin, Gujarat, 112p.
Prasanti Lakshmi M and Ram Babu H V 2002 Basement structure of the southwestern part of the Cuddapah Basin from aeromagnetic anomalies; Curr. Sci. 82 1378–1381.
Radhakrishna Murthy I V 1992 Magnetic interpretation in space domain, Second SERC School on Geomagnetism and Earth’s Interior-Geopotentials-1, Sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi; Lecture Notes. pp. 33–62.
Rajaram M, Anand S P and Balakrishna T S 2006 Composite magnetic anomaly map of India and its contiguous regions; J. Geol. Soc. India 68 569–576.
Rajaram Mita and Anand S P 2003 Central Indian tectonics revisited using aeromagnetic data; Earth Planet. Space 55 1–4.
Rajendra Sarma, Murthy Ch V V S, Gouda H C and Singh R K 2006 Analysis of aeromagnetic data over part of Bundelkhand Granite Complex delineated by aeromagnetic expression around Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh; J. Geol. Soc. India 68 949–958.
Ramachandra H M, Mathew M P, Ramesh Acharya G, Gouda H C and Singh R K 2001 Aeromagnetic anomaly interpretation and correlation with geological features of Central India; GSI Spec. Publ. 64 163–176.
Rama Rao B S and Murthy I V R 1978 Gravity and Magnetic Methods of Prospecting; Arnold–Heinemann Publications, pp. 285–353.
Rao D A and Babu H V R 1984 On the half-slope and straight-slope methods of basement depths determination; Geophysics 49 1365–1368.
Rao D P, Bhattacharya A and Reddy P R 1996 Use of IRS-1C data for geological and geographical studies; Curr. Sci. 70 619–623.
Rao D P, Bhattacharya A, Navalgund R R, Sengupta S, Roy A K, Bhanu Masthan, Hegde V S and Suryanarayana M 1992 Oil field detection through remote sensing; NRSA Technical Report, 11p.
Ravi Shanker 2001 Seismotectonics of Kutch rift basin and its bearing on the Himalayan seismicity; ISET J. Earthq. Technol. 38 59–65.
Reddy A G B, Mathew M P, Baldau Singh and Naidu P S 1988 Aeromagnetic evidence of crustal structure in the granulite terrain of Tamil Nadu, Kerala; J. Geol. Soc. India 32 368–381.
Reeves C V 1992 New Horizons in airborne geophysical mapping; Expl. Geophys. 23 273–280.
Reeves C V 1994 Towards a magnetic anomaly map of reconstructed gondwana; Ninth International Gondwana Symposium 2 963–969.
Reid A B, Allsop J M, Gransee H, Millet A J and Somerton I W 1990 Magnetic interpretation in three dimensions using Euler deconvolution; Geophysics 55 80–91.
Seshadri K and Chandrasekhar P 2013 Identification of groundwater potential locations using high-resolution satellite data in a densely populated urban area of greater Hyderabad city, Andhra Pradesh, India; J. Ind. Geophys. Union 17 409–416.
Seshavataram B T V 2016 Offshore sedimentary basins of India: Geology, tectonics and hydrocarbon prospects; BS Publications, 210p.
Sreedhar Ganapuram, Vijaya Kumar G T, Murali Krishna I V, Ercan Kahya and Cuneyd Demirel M 2009 Mapping of groundwater potential zones in the Musi basin using remote sensing data and GIS; Adv. Eng. Software, Elsevier 40 506–518.
Sumer Chopra K, Madhusudhan Rao and Bharati K Rastogi 2010 Estimation of sedimentary thickness in Kachchh Basin, Gujarat using Sp converted phase; Pure Appl. Geophys. 167(10) 1247–1257.
Suryanarayana M, Bhattacharya A and Rao D P 1992 Image processing of aeromagnetic data and its integration with satellite image for improved geological interpretation – A case study of Orissa, India; J. Assoc. Expl. Geophys. XIII 3 117–124.
Sylvester A G 1988 Strike Slip faults; Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 100 1666–1703.
Thakkar M G 2017 Geomorphological Field Guide Book on Kachchh Peninsula (ed.) Amal Kar, Indian Institute of Geomorphologists, Allahabad.
Willian S K and Willian E G 1987 Image processing of aeromagnetic data and integration with Landsat images for improved structural interpretation; ITC Journal 4 305–313.
Zonenshain L P, Verhoef J, MacNab R and Meyers H 1991 Magnetic imprints of continental accretion in the USSR; EOS. 72 305–310.
We thank DGH, New Delhi for funding the aeromagnetic project. Chandra Mouli and Chandrasekhar thank Dr A Bhattacharya, Sri M Suryanarayana and Sri M V V Kamaraju, NRSC for support. Chandrasekhar thanks Director, NRSC and Head, T&ED for encouragement. Thanks are also due to the anonymous reviewers for the critical examination of the manuscript which has helped in improving the quality of the paper significantly.
Communicated by Arkoprovo Biswas
About this article
Cite this article
Mouli, K.C., Chandrasekhar, P., Rao, D.P. et al. Tectonic evolution of Kutch sedimentary basin, western India. J Earth Syst Sci 129, 86 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-019-1337-9
- IRS-LISS III satellite data
- aeromagnetic data
- tectonic configuration