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The development and evolution of landform based on neotectonic movement: The Sancha river catchment in the southwestern China

  • Lingmin Zhong
  • Mo Xu
  • Yanna Yang
  • Xingbing Wang
Article
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Abstract

Neotectonics has changed the coupled process of endogenic and exogenic geological dynamics, which mold the modern landform. Geomorphologic analysis is essential for identifying and understanding the tectonic activity and indicates the responsive mechanism of the landform to tectonic activity. At first, this research reconstructed the twisted Shanpen period planation surface, computed the valley floor width-to-height ratio of Sancha river and extracted the cross sections marking the river terraces to analyze the characteristics of the neotectonics. And then, the relation between neotectonic movement and landform development was analyzed by dividing the landform types. At last, the spatial variation of landform evolution was analyzed by extracting the Hypsometric Integral of sub-catchments. The Sancha river catchment’s neotectonic movement presents the tilt-lift of earth’s crust from NW to SE, which is characterized by the posthumous activity of Yanshan tectonic deformation. The spatial distribution of river terraces indicates that Sancha river catchment has experienced at least four intermittent uplifts and the fault blocks at both the sides of Liuzhi–Zhijin basement fault have differentially uplifted since the late Pleistocene. As the resurgence of Liuzhi–Zhijin basement fault, the Sancha river catchment was broken into two relative independent landform units. The spatial variations of the landform types near the Sancha river and the sub-catchments’ landform evolution are characterized by periodic replacement. The styles of geological structure have controlled the development of landform far away from the Sancha River and influenced the landform evolution. The posthumous activities of the secondary structure have resulted in the spatial variation of sub-catchments’ landform evolution, which presents periodic replacement with local exceptions. The present study suggests that spatial variations of the development and evolution of modern landform of Sancha River catchment owe their genesis to the interplay between the hydrodynamic force and tectonic activity in the neotectonic period. Likewise, the application of geomorphic indicators also provides a new way to assess the regional crustal stability.

Keywords

Sancha river catchment geomorphic indicators neotectonics modern landform 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was sponsored by optimization research of the index value and its quantified method in the risk evaluation system of water bursting hazard in karst tunnel (Grant No. 41202213). We expressour thanks to N V Chalapathi Rao and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive suggestions and comments.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lingmin Zhong
    • 1
  • Mo Xu
    • 1
  • Yanna Yang
    • 1
  • Xingbing Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of Technology, SichuanChengduChina
  2. 2.Guizhou Normal UniversityGuiyangChina

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