Journal of Chemical Sciences

, Volume 129, Issue 10, pp 1627–1637 | Cite as

Catalytic aspects of a copper(II) complex: biological oxidase to oxygenase activity

Regular Article


A coper(II) complex, \(\hbox {[Cu(dpa)}_{2}\hbox {(OAc)](ClO}_{4})\) (1) [dpa =\( 2,2^\prime \)-dipyridylamine; OAc \(=\) acetate], has been synthesized and crystallographically characterized. X-ray structure analysis revealed that this mononuclear Cu(II) complex crystallizes as a rare class of hexa coordination geometry named bicapped square pyramidal geometry with \(P2_{1}/\hbox {c}\) space group. This copper complex displays excellent catalytic efficiency, \(\hbox {k}_{\mathrm{cat}}/\hbox {K}_{\mathrm{M} }(\hbox {h}^{-1}) = 6.17\times 10^{5}\) towards the oxidative coupling of 2-aminophenol (2-AP) to aminophenoxazin-3-one. Further, upon stoichiometric addition of copper(II) complex to 3,5-DTBC in presence of molecular oxygen in ethanol medium, the copper complex affords predominantly extradiol cleavage products along with a small amount of benzoquinone and a trace amount of intradiol cleavage products at a rate, \(\hbox {k}_{\mathrm{obs}}= 1.09\times 10^{-3}\) \(\hbox {min}^{-1}\), which provide substantial evidence for the oxygen activation mechanism. This paper presents a novel addition of a copper(II) complex having the potential to mimic the active site of phenoxazinone synthase and catechol dioxygenase enzymes with significant catalytic efficiency.

Graphical Abstract

SYNOPSIS The mononuclear copper complex having unusual hexa coordination geometry exhibits significant catalytic efficiency, \(\hbox {k}_{\mathrm{cat}}/\hbox {K}_{\mathrm{M}}(\hbox {h}^{-1}) = 6.17\times 10^{5}\) towards oxidation of 2-aminophenol which predominantly produced extradiol cleavage products at a rate, \(\hbox {k}_{\mathrm{obs}}= 1.09\times 10^{-3}\) \(\hbox {min}^{-1}\) upon addition of 3,5-DTBC in presence of molecular oxygen.


Copper(II) crystal structure phenoxazinone synthase activity catechol dioxygenase bio-mimetic chemistry 



BB sincerely thanks Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), a statutory body of Department of Science & Technology (DST), New Delhi for the financial support under the START UP GRANT for YOUNG SCIENTIST (No. SB/FT/CS-088/2013 dtd. 21/05/2014). BB is greatly indebted to Prof. T.K. Paine, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata, West Bengal, India for his valuable help in recording solid state EPR spectrum at 77 K. BB thanks Dr. Angshuman Roy Choudhury of IISER Mohali, Mohali 140 306, India for helping to collect crystallographic data of the copper complex.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biswajit Chowdhury
    • 1
  • Milan Maji
    • 3
  • Bhaskar Biswas
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryRaghunathpur CollegePuruliaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySurendranath CollegeKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of TechnologyDurgapurIndia

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