Long-Term Plasticity in Amygdala Circuits: Implication of CB1-Dependent LTD in Stress
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The amygdala mediates many forms of emotional learning, during which the central nucleus of amygdala (CeA) functions as a major output of the amygdala by converging inputs from the basolateral nucleus (BLA) and other amygdalar subregions. However, the contribution of BLA-CeA synaptic transmission and plasticity of this transmission after exposure to emotional stimuli remains to be completely understood. Using paired recording, we simultaneously recorded BLA and CeA neurons, and observed that BLA-CeA transmission was glutamatergic. In this transmission, high-frequency stimulation induced NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-dependent LTP, low-frequency stimulation induced NMDAR-dependent LTD, whereas modest-frequency stimulation induced cannabinoid receptor1 (CB1)-dependent LTD. After acute stress, CB1-dependent LTD of this transmission was selectively abolished. This effect of stress was mimicked by intra-CeA administration of CB1-selective agonists and prevented by CB1-selective antagonists. Furthermore, intra-CeA administration of CB1 antagonists prevented stress-induced reduction of explorative behaviors. These results indicate that CB1 signaling-mediated plasticity in local circuits of the amygdala plays a critical role in emotional responses.
KeywordsAmygdala Basolateral nucleus Central nucleus LTD CB1
This work was supported by grants from the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (31571126, 31471120, 31540076, 31171123, 31300850) and Jilin Science and Technology Agency funding (20150307014YY).
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Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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