Embedding of green synthesized silver nanoparticles into polymer matrix


The aim of this study was to prepare and analyse polymer matrix composite (PMC) thin films and micro-fibres doped with different amounts of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). AgNPs were synthesized by green method. The process of synthesis was observed and analysed by UV–visible and Fourier transform infrared analyses. The morphology and size of synthesized AgNPs was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray techniques. Synthesized nanoparticles were uniform, near spherical, with mean diameter ~20 nm. Polyvinyl alcohol–silver (PVA–AgNPs) composite films (prepared by spin-coating) and micro-fibres (prepared by electrospinning) with different amount of nanoparticles (~6 and ~20% of AgNPs) were prepared. The distribution of AgNPs in composites was observed by the SEM. The observation showed the presence of clusters of AgNPs in polymer matrix. Significant changes in distribution was observed after increasing the amount of AgNPs. The antimicrobial activity of prepared thin films and micro-fibres was tested against one cell algae Parachlorella kesleri and compared to colloidal AgNPs. The toxicity tests showed good toxic effect on both AgNPs colloid and PVA–AgNPs composites.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6


  1. 1

    Begum R, Najeeb J, Ahmad G, Wu W T, Irfan A, Al-Sehemi A G et al 2018 React. Funct. Polym. 132 89

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Tang Y, Wu T, Hu B, Yang Q, Liu L, Yu B et al 2015 Mater. Chem. Phys. 149 460

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Sen Y, Chunge J, Jianwu G, Yinglan F and Ying Z 2019 Polymers 11 401

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Miller D J, Dreyer D R, Bielawski C W, Paul D R and Freeman B D 2017 Angew. Chem. 56 4662

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Zhao J, Deng B, Lv M, Li J, Zhang Y, Jiang H et al 2013 Adv. Healthc. Mater. 2 1259

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Wollinger A, Perrin E, Chahboun J, Jeannot V, Touraud D and Kunz W 2016 C. R. Chim. 19 754

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Ghaedi M, Yousefinejad M, Safarpoor M, Zare Khafri H and Purkait M K 2015 J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 31 167

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Dzimitrowicz A, Berent S, Motyka A, Jamroz P, Kurcbach K, Sledz W et al 2019 Arab. J. Chem. 12 4795

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Romo Vaquero M, Yáñez-Gascón M-J, Garcia Villalba R, Larrosa M, Fromentin E, Ibarra A et al 2012 PLoS ONE 7 e39773

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Estevez-Areco S, Guz L, Candal R and Goyanes S 2018 Food Packag. Shelf Life 18 42

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Akbari J, Saeedi M, Farzin D, Morteza-Semnani K and Esmaili Z 2015 Pharm. Biol. 53 1442

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Zaouali Y, Bouzaine T and Boussaid M 2010 Food Chem. Toxicol. 48 3144

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Wang W, Wu N, Zu Y G and Fu Y J 2008 Food Chem. 108 1019

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Hameed I H, Ibraheam I A and Kadhim H J 2015 J. Pharmacogn. Phytother. 7 90

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Andrade J M, Faustino C, Garcia C, Ladeiras D, Reis C P and Rijo P 2018 Future Sci. OA 4 FSO283

  16. 16

    Farshchi H K, Azizi M, Jaafari M R, Nemati S H and Fotovat A 2018 Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol. 16 54

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Das J and Velusamy P 2013 Mater. Res. Bull. 48 4531

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Mahmoud K H 2015 Spectrochim. Acta A 138 434

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This study was financially supported by Slovak Grant Agency (VEGA 1/0134/19).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to O Velgosova.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Velgosova, O., Mudra, E., Vojtko, M. et al. Embedding of green synthesized silver nanoparticles into polymer matrix. Bull Mater Sci 44, 47 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-020-02349-3

Download citation


  • PVA–AgNPs composite
  • green synthesis
  • electrospinning
  • micro-fibres
  • FTIR
  • SEM