Medical Oncology

, 35:57 | Cite as

Gemcitabine–cisplatin (GC) as adjuvant chemotherapy in resected stage II and stage III gallbladder cancers (GBC): a potential way forward

  • Vikas Ostwal
  • Rohit Swami
  • Shraddha Patkar
  • Swaratika Majumdar
  • Mahesh Goel
  • Shaesta Mehta
  • Reena Engineer
  • Sarika Mandavkar
  • Suman Kumar
  • Anant Ramaswamy
Original Paper


Data on adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine–cisplatin (GC) in resected gallbladder cancers (GBC) are scarce. Patients who underwent upfront curative resection for GBC from 2010 to 2016 were analyzed. Patients with stage II–III GBC treated with adjuvant GC were analyzed. A total of 242 patients were evaluated, of whom 125 patients received GC regimen as adjuvant chemotherapy. The median age was 50 years (range 31–74), majority were female (77.6%), and 37 patients (29.6%) had raised CA 19.9 levels at baseline. One hundred and thirteen patients (90.4%) underwent radical cholecystectomy with R0 resections. Median number of GC administered was 6, with completion rates of 84%. Toxicity data were comprehensively available for 110 patients, with common grade 3 and grade 4 being neutropenia (9.9%), fatigue (7.3%) and febrile neutropenia (3.6%), respectively. With a median follow-up of 36.88 months, 3-year RFS was 60.3%. Patients with stage II (28%; n = 35), stage IIIA (28%; n = 35) and stage IIIB GBC (44%; n = 55) had a 3-year OS of 91.9, 67 and 58.1% (p = 0.001), respectively. Patients with stage II–III GBC undergoing R0 resections receiving adjuvant GC have good tolerance, high completion rates and encouraging outcomes in a non-trial high GBC prevalence scenario.


Gallbladder cancer Adjuvant Gemcitabine–cisplatin 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee as well as with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethics committee approval number: IEC/1017/1880/001.

Informed consent

Not applicable as this is a retrospective study of prospective database with no direct contact with the patients. Institutional Ethics committee approved waiver of consent.

Supplementary material

12032_2018_1115_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 15 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikas Ostwal
    • 1
  • Rohit Swami
    • 1
  • Shraddha Patkar
    • 2
  • Swaratika Majumdar
    • 1
  • Mahesh Goel
    • 2
  • Shaesta Mehta
    • 3
  • Reena Engineer
    • 4
  • Sarika Mandavkar
    • 1
  • Suman Kumar
    • 5
  • Anant Ramaswamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical OncologyTata Memorial HospitalParel, MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Surgical OncologyTata Memorial HospitalMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Digestive Diseases and NutritionTata Memorial HospitalMumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Radiation OncologyTata Memorial HospitalMumbaiIndia
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyTata Memorial HospitalMumbaiIndia

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