ACE Inhibitor Therapy Does Not Influence the Survival Outcomes of Patients with Colorectal Liver Metastases Following Liver Resection

Abstract

Background

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have been shown to possibly influence the survival outcomes in certain cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of ACE inhibitors on the outcomes of patients undergoing liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). The secondary aim was to determine whether ACE inhibitors influenced histopathological changes in CRLM.

Methods

Patients treated with liver resection for CRLM over a 13-year period were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Data including demographics, primary tumour treatment, surgical data, histopathology analysis and clinical outcome were collated and analysed.

Results

A total of 586 patients underwent primary hepatic resections for CRLM during this period including 100 patients on ACE inhibitors. The median follow-up period was 23 (range: 12–96) months, in which 267 patients developed recurrent disease and 131 patients died. Independent predictors of disease-free survival on multivariate analysis included synchronous presentation, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, major liver resection, tumour size and number, extent of hepatic steatosis, R0 resection and presence of perineural invasion. Poorer overall survival was associated with neoadjuvant treatment, major liver resection, presence of multiple metastases, perineural invasion and positive resection margins on multivariate analysis. ACE inhibitors did not influence the survival outcome or histological presentation in CRLM.

Conclusion

The use of ACE inhibitors did not affect the survival outcome or tumour biology in patients with CRLM following liver resection.

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Correspondence to Dhanny Gomez.

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Sanyal, S., Alabraba, E., Ibrahim, H. et al. ACE Inhibitor Therapy Does Not Influence the Survival Outcomes of Patients with Colorectal Liver Metastases Following Liver Resection. J Gastrointest Canc 52, 106–112 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12029-019-00350-6

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Keywords

  • Colorectal liver metastases
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
  • Liver resection