Inhibitory Traits of Dendrosome Curcumin (DNC) on Breast Cancer Compared to Curcumin Single Compound

Abstract

Purpose

Vast therapeutic traits and very low toxicity of curcumin compound have made it and related formulations promising for treatment purposes. The aim of this study was the assessment of dendrosome curcumin (DNC) inhibitory effects on breast cancer therapy compared to single curcumin compound.

Methods

DNC was synthesized and MCF-7 cells were prepared. The cultured cells were treated with 20 μg/ml and 25 μg/ml of DNC. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to measure the expression of FOXCUT and MEG3 genes. Additionally, flow cytometry was applied to measure cell death rate and apoptosis.

Results

The results outlined that DNC enhanced the MEG3 gene expression significantly higher than the control. Furthermore, DNC was associated with a significant decrease in the expression of FOXCUT gene as compared to the control. The application of DNC in the MCF7 cell line enhanced cell death and reduced necrosis.

Conclusions

The rate of apoptosis (programmed cell death) was enhanced, but necrosis was decreased in treated cancer cells compared to those treated with single curcumin. Accordingly, the DNC can be applied to hinder the growth and dissemination of cancer cells as a preferred approach to reduce the complications of other strategies such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Indeed, we concluded that DNC enhanced the expression of MEG3, a tumor suppressor, at 25 μm dose, but reduced the expression of the FOXCUT gene, possibly via the methylation of the gene. Thereby, DNC exerted a promising tumor inhibitory growth potential for the eradication of cancer cells.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported by College of Education for Pure Sciences, Kerbala University, Biology Department, Iraq.

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Correspondence to Abdolmajid Ghasemian.

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Alghanimi, Y.K., Ghasemian, A. Inhibitory Traits of Dendrosome Curcumin (DNC) on Breast Cancer Compared to Curcumin Single Compound. J Gastrointest Canc 51, 527–533 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12029-019-00273-2

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Keywords

  • Dendrosome curcumin
  • Breast cancer
  • MEG3
  • FOXCUT