ERA Forum

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 513–546 | Cite as

Brexit, BITs and enforcement

  • Aidan O’NeillEmail author


The United Kingdom ceasing to be a Member State of the European Union necessitates finding a way to settle disputes arising out of any final UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement. In order to assess whether Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) might provide a possible model in this regard, the present paper analyses the approach currently taken in EU law to International Investment Agreements (IIAs), and to the adjudication of disputes and enforcement of awards under their provisions setting out ISDS procedures.


Brexit Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) International Investment Agreements (IIAs) Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (EUSFTA) 

Copyright information

© ERA 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Matrix ChambersLondonUK

Personalised recommendations