Immunologic Research

, Volume 61, Issue 1–2, pp 90–96 | Cite as

The epidemiological profile of ASIA syndrome after HPV vaccination: an evaluation based on the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems

  • Paolo Pellegrino
  • Valentina Perrone
  • Marco Pozzi
  • Carla Carnovale
  • Cristiana Perrotta
  • Emilio Clementi
  • Sonia RadiceEmail author


The term “ASIA—Autoimmune/inflammatory Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants” describes an umbrella of clinical conditions sharing similar signs or symptoms, including post-vaccination phenomena. No information is available on the epidemiology of the ASIA syndrome, especially following HPV vaccination. We carried out an analysis of the VAERS database to retrieve all cases of suspected ASIA syndrome according to the Shoenfeld and Agmon-Levin’s guideline for the diagnosis. After causality assessment and case validation, 2,207 cases were considered probably or possibly related to vaccination. These represent the largest ASIA cohort ever reported and allowed us to estimate epidemiological and clinical characteristic of this syndrome. The commonest clinical manifestation observed were pyrexia (58 %), myalgia (27 %) and arthralgia or arthritis (19 %), and the estimated reporting rate was of 3.6 cases per 100,000 doses of HPV vaccine distributed (95 % CI 3.4–3.7). This study presents the first systematic estimation of ASIA incidence and expands the knowledge on this pathology. Further analyses are needed to identify genetic and non-genetic risk factors for ASIA syndrome.


Vaccine ASIA Adjuvants Post-vaccination HPV 



This work was supported by grants from the Italian Medicines Agency (Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco) and the Ministry of Health (Ricerca Corrente 2014) to EC.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Pellegrino
    • 1
  • Valentina Perrone
    • 1
  • Marco Pozzi
    • 2
  • Carla Carnovale
    • 1
  • Cristiana Perrotta
    • 1
  • Emilio Clementi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sonia Radice
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University Hospital “Luigi Sacco”University of MilanMilanItaly
  2. 2.Scientific InstituteIRCCS E. MedeaBosisio PariniItaly
  3. 3.Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Institute of Neuroscience, University Hospital “Luigi Sacco”University of MilanMilanItaly

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