Oxidative Stress and Trace Elements in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients During 6 Months Anti-tuberculosis Treatment

Abstract

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a well-known cause of imbalance in oxidative stress (OS) status and trace element levels. However, little information is available for targeting the correlation between OS and trace elements in pulmonary TB patients. The aim of our study was to analyze the OS status and its correlation with trace elements in patients initially and during 6 months anti-TB treatment. Eighty-six newly diagnosed pulmonary TB patients were consecutively recruited, and 112 age- and sex-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Serum markers of OS and trace elements levels were tested and analyzed in all subjects during 6 months anti-TB treatment. Compared with healthy controls, significantly increased level of malondialdehyde (MDA), decreased glutathione (GSH) level, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities were found in TB patients. The activities of SOD and CAT and GSH level recovered till normal range at treatment final. Zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and copper (Cu) concentrations were significantly lower in TB patients in comparison with healthy controls, whereas Zn, Cu, and Se concentrations rise during 6 months anti-TB treatment. Zn was positively correlated with Cu, Se, and GSH, while MDA was negatively correlated with Zn, Se, SOD, and CAT, and SOD was positively correlated with Cu, Zn, and CAT. Our findings indicate that anti-TB treatment could reduce the status of OS and increase the levels of trace elements. The routine assessment of OS markers and element traces may guarantee improved monitoring the anti-TB treatment.

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Acknowledgments

We express our gratitude to the local health care workers in Linyi People’s Hospital of Shandong, China, for their help with data and blood sample collection during the course of the study. We also thank all the participants who were involved in the collection of samples.

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Methodology: Chaoqun Qi and Haibo Yang. Formal analysis and investigations, writing, and original draft preparation: Chaoqun Qi, Hongjun Wang, Zhaoying Liu, and Haibo Yang. Conceptualization, writing, and review and editing: Haibo Yang.

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Correspondence to Haibo Yang.

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Ethics Statement

This research was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Linyi People’s Hospital and followed the Declaration of Helsinki. Written informed consent will be signed by every participant before data collection. All data in this study will be kept anonymous and managed with confidentially.

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Qi, C., Wang, H., Liu, Z. et al. Oxidative Stress and Trace Elements in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients During 6 Months Anti-tuberculosis Treatment. Biol Trace Elem Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02254-0

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Keywords

  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Oxidative stress
  • Trace elements
  • Correlation