Micronutrients Profile in Oral Lichen Planus: a Review Literature

Abstract

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic inflammatory disease. The micronutrients are critical factors in health of oral mucous and proper function of immune system. There have not been any review articles for evaluating trace element levels before and after standard treatments of OLP. The purpose of this study is to provide complete review of the association of micronutrients with OLP. Databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Embase (Ovid) with keywords of oral lichen planus, OLP, oral disorder, micronutrients, trace element, nutrient element, antioxidant, oxidative stress, malnutrition, and essential trace elements, without time limitation (1900–2019) were searched to collect data on related articles. Total number of 58 original articles including 12 randomized clinical trials, 41 case-control, 4 case reports, and 1 cell line research were reviewed in this study. Lower levels of iron and its associated markers, such as hemoglobin and ferritin, increased levels of TIBC; reduced levels of zinc, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, folic acid, and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E; and increased levels of oxidants and homocysteine, have been reported in OLP patients.

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Correspondence to Nafiseh Sheykhbahaei.

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Gholizadeh, N., Sheykhbahaei, N. Micronutrients Profile in Oral Lichen Planus: a Review Literature. Biol Trace Elem Res 199, 912–924 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02221-9

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Keywords

  • Lichen planus
  • Oral
  • Micronutrient
  • Trace elements
  • Vitamins
  • Antioxidants