Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 177, Issue 1, pp 63–75 | Cite as

HPLC–ESI–MSn Analysis, Fed-Batch Cultivation Enhances Bioactive Compound Biosynthesis and Immune-Regulative Effect of Adventitious Roots in Pseudostellaria heterophylla

  • Juan Wang
  • Jing Li
  • Hongfa Li
  • Xiaolei Wu
  • Wenyuan GaoEmail author


A electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI–MSn) analysis was performed in order to identify the active composition in Pseudostellaria heterophylla adventitious roots. Pseudostellarin A, C, D, and G were identified from P. heterophylla adventitious roots on the basis of LC–MSn analysis. The culture conditions of adventitious roots were optimized, and datasets were subjected to a partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), in which the growth ratio and some compounds showed a positive correlation with an aeration volume of 0.3 vvm and inoculum density of 0.15 %. Fed-batch cultivation enhanced the contents of total saponin, polysaccharides, and specific oxygen uptaker rate (SOUR). The maximum dry root weight (4.728 g l−1) was achieved in the 3/4 Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium group. PLS-DA showed that polysaccharides contributed significantly to the clustering of different groups and showed a positive correlation in the MS medium group. The delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction on the mice induced by 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) was applied to compare the immunocompetence effects of adventitious roots (AR) with field native roots (NR) of P. heterophylla. As a result, AR possessed a similar immunoregulation function as NR.


Pseudostellaria heterophylla Adventitious root Bioreactors HPLC–ESI–MSn Immunoassay 



Balloon-type bubble bioreactor


Murashige and Skoog


Indole-3-butyric acid


Dry weight


Specific oxygen uptaker rate


Volumes of gas per bioreactor volume


Electrical conductivity


Delayed-type hypersensitivity




Native root


Adventitious root



This research was funded by the National Science and Technology Support Program (2012BAI29B02), Central Significant Increase or Decrease Program, China (2060302), and 863 program (2014AA022201-04).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Li
    • 1
  • Hongfa Li
    • 1
  • Xiaolei Wu
    • 3
  • Wenyuan Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory for Modern Drug Delivery and High Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Dao-di HerbsChina Academy of Chinese Medical SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.R&D CenterTianjin ZhongXin PharmaceuticalsTianjinChina

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