Kinetic and Spectroscopic Characterization of 1-Naphthol 2-hydroxylase from Pseudomonas sp. Strain C5
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1-Naphthol 2-hydroxylase (1-NH) catalyzes the conversion of 1-naphthol to 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene. 1-NH from carbaryl degrading Pseudomonas strain C5 was purified and characterized for its kinetic and spectroscopic properties. The enzyme was found to be NAD(P)H-dependent external flavin monooxygenase. Though the kinetic parameters of 1-NH from strain C5 appear to be similar to 1-NH enzyme from strains C4 and C6, however, they differ in their N-terminal sequences, mole content of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), reconstitution of apoenzyme, and K i. 1-NH showed narrow substrate specificity with comparable hydroxylation efficiency on 1-naphthol and 5-amino 1-naphthol (~30 %) followed by 4-chloro 1-naphthol (~9 %). Salicylate was found to be the nonsubstrate effector. The flavin fluorescence of 1-NH was found to increase in the presence of 1-naphthol (K d = 11.3 μM) and salicylate (K d = 1027 μM). The circular dichroism (CD) spectra showed significant perturbations in the presence of NAD(P)H, whereas no changes were observed in the presence of 1-naphthol. Naphthalene, 1-chloronaphthalene, 2-napthol, and 2-naphthoic acid were found to be the mixed inhibitors. Chemical modification studies showed the probable involvement of His, Cys, and Tyr in the binding of 1-naphthol, whereas Trp was found to be involved in the binding of NAD(P)H.
Keywords1-Naphthol 2-hydroxylase Flavoenzyme Hydroxylation efficiency Nonsubstrate effector Spectroscopic characterization Pseudomonas Carbaryl metabolism
Minimal salt medium
Thin layer chromatography
Thanks are due to DBT, Govt. of India for research grant to PP and CSIR, Govt. of India for Senior Research fellowship to VDT.
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