A Thermophilic Cellulase Complex from Phialophora sp. G5 Showing High Capacity in Cellulose Hydrolysis
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A cellulase-producing mesophilic fungal strain, named G5, was isolated from the acidic wastewater and mud of a tin mine and identified as Phialophora sp. based on the internal transcribed spacer sequence. The volumetric activities and specific activities of cellulase induced by different carbon sources (Avicel, corn cob, wheat bran and corn stover) were compared. The cellulase complex of Phialophora sp. G5 exhibited the optimal activities at 60–65 °C and pH 4.0–5.0, and had good long-term thermostability at 50 °C. Compared with the commercial cellulase (Accellerase 1500, Genencor), the enzyme under study showed 60% and 80% of the capacity to hydrolyze pure cellulose and natural cellulose, respectively. This is the first study to report that a cellulytic enzymes complex from Phialophora genus, and the superior properties of this enzyme complex make strain G5 a potential microbial source to produce cellulase for industrial applications, and the production ability could be improved by mutagenesis.
KeywordsPhialophora sp. G5 Thermophilic Thermostability Cellulase complex
This work was supported by the China Modern Agriculture Research System (CARS-42) and the Key Program of Transgenic Plant Breeding (2009ZX08003-020B) and the national science and technology support program (2011BADB02).
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