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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 166, Issue 4, pp 889–902 | Cite as

The Construction of Glucose Biosensor Based on Platinum Nanoclusters—Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites

  • Cheng Yan Wang
  • Xing Rong Tan
  • Shi Hong ChenEmail author
  • Fang Xin Hu
  • Hua An Zhong
  • Yu Zhang
Article

Abstract

One-step synthesis method was proposed to obtain the nanocomposites of platinum nanoclusters and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PtNCs–MWNTs), which were used as a novel immobilization matrix for the enzyme to fabricate glucose biosensor. The fabrication process of the biosensor was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscope. Due to the favorable characteristic of PtNCs–MWNTs nanocomposites, the biosensor exhibited good characteristics, such as wide linear range (3.0 μM–12.1 mM), low detection limit (1.0 μM), high sensitivity (12.8 μA mM−1), rapid response time (within 6 s). The apparent Michaelis–Menten constant (\( K_m^{\text{app}} \)) is 2.1 mM. The performance of the resulting biosensor is more prominent than that of most of the reported glucose biosensors. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that this biosensor can be used for the assay of glucose in human serum samples.

Keywords

Biosensor Platinum nanoclusters Multiwalled carbon nanotubes Nanocomposites Glucose oxidase 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21075100), Key Lab of Chongqing Modern Analytical Chemistry (201004), the Doctor Foundation of Southwest University (SWUB2008048) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (XDJK2009C082).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng Yan Wang
    • 1
  • Xing Rong Tan
    • 2
  • Shi Hong Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fang Xin Hu
    • 1
  • Hua An Zhong
    • 1
  • Yu Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Lab of Chongqing Modern Analytical Chemistry, Education Ministry Key Laboratory on Luminescence and Real-Time AnalysisCollege of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Department of Endocrinology9th People’s Hospital of ChongqingChongqingChina

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