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Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

, Volume 470, Issue 4, pp 979–985 | Cite as

Spontaneous Healing in Complete ACL Ruptures: A Clinical and MRI Study

  • Matias Costa-Paz
  • Miguel Angel Ayerza
  • Ignacio Tanoira
  • Juan Astoul
  • Domingo Luis Muscolo
Symposium: Arthroscopy

Abstract

Background

Most authors believe the ACL does not spontaneously heal after a complete rupture. Although several studies have reported spontaneous healing of torn ACLs, it is difficult to determine its healing potential and whether patients will be able to return to sports activities.

Questions/purposes

We therefore asked whether (1) a complete ACL rupture in patients can spontaneously heal without the use of a specific rehabilitation program or bracing and (2) patients are able to return to their athletic activity after spontaneous ACL healing.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 14 patients with acute ACL injury established by physical examination and MRI (proximal third in eight patients and the midligament in six). Average age at injury was 31 years (range, 23–41 years). All patients were athletically active before injury. Surgery was indicated in all patients but for various reasons postponed. We obtained International Knee Documentation Committee scores, Lysholm-Gillquist scores, and MRI. The minimum followup was 25 months (mean, 30 months; range, 25–36 months).

Results

At last followup, the mean Lysholm-Gillquist score was 97. According to the International Knee Documentation Committee evaluation, 10 knees were normal and four nearly normal. All knees regained end point with a negative pivot shift test; MRI at followup showed an end-to-end continuous ACL with homogeneous signal. All patients returned to their former activity level. However, after the study period, two patients had a rerupture of the ACL (2.5 years after the first lesion).

Conclusions

Our observations indicate an acutely injured ACL may eventually spontaneously heal without using an extension brace, allowing return to athletic activity.

Level of Evidence

Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Keywords

International Knee Documentation Committee Pivot Shift Test Athletic Activity Spontaneous Healing International Knee Documentation Committee Score 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons® 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matias Costa-Paz
    • 1
  • Miguel Angel Ayerza
    • 1
  • Ignacio Tanoira
    • 1
  • Juan Astoul
    • 1
  • Domingo Luis Muscolo
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Orthopaedics “Carlos Ottolenghi,” Italian Hospital of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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