The Conception of Synthetic Entities from a Personalist Perspective
- 38 Downloads
Synthetic biology opens up the possibility of producing new entities not found in nature, whose classification as organisms or machines has been debated. In this paper we are focusing on the delimitation of the moral value of synthetic products, in order to establish the ethically right way to behave towards them. In order to do so, we use personalism as our ethical framework. First, we examine how we can distinguish between organisms and machines. Next, we discuss whether the products of synthetic biology can be considered organisms at all and assess what their moral value is and how should we behave towards them. Finally, we discuss the hypothetical case of synthetic humans.
KeywordsSynthetic biology Bioethics Personalism Moral value Moral status
- Burgos, J. M. (2012). Introducción al personalismo. Madrid: Ediciones Palabra.Google Scholar
- Cavalieri, P., & Singer, P. (1994). The Great Ape Project: Equality beyond humanity. New York, NY: St Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
- Church, G., & Regis, E. (2012). Regenesis. How synthetic biology will reinvent nature and ourselves. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Jaworska, A., & Tannenbaum, J. (2013). The grounds of moral status. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2013 Ed.). http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2013/entries/grounds-moral-status/. Accessed 21 March 2017.
- Ma, W., & Feng, Y. (2015). Protocells: At the interface of life and non-life. Life (Basel), 5(1), 447–458.Google Scholar
- Newman, S. A. (2012). Meiogenics: Synthetic biology meets transhumanism. Genewatch. http://www.councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/genewatch/GeneWatchPage.aspx?pageId=411. Accessed 21 March 2017.
- Pastor, L. M. (2016). Editor’s note: The man as integrating center of bioethics. Cuadernos de Bioética, 27(3), 285–287.Google Scholar
- Pope Francis. (2015). Encyclical letter Laudato Si’ of the Holy Father Francis on care for our common home. http://w2.vatican.va/content/dam/francesco/pdf/encyclicals/documents/papa-francesco_20150524_enciclica-laudato-si_en.pdf. Accessed 21 March 2017.
- Rasmussen, S., Bedau, M., Chen, L., Deamer, D., Krakauer, D., Packard, N., et al. (2009). Protocells: Bridging nonliving and living matter. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Regan, T. (2001). Defending animal rights. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
- Regan, T., & Singer, P. (1998). Animal rights and human obligations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Rollin, B. (2006). Animal rights and human morality. New York, NY: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
- Ryder, R. (2000). Animal revolution: Changing attitudes towards speciesism. London: Berg.Google Scholar
- Sgreccia, E. (2012). Personalist bioethics: Foundations and applications (1st ed.). Philadelphia: The National Catholic Bioethics Center.Google Scholar
- Singer, P. (2006). In defense of animals. The second wave. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
- Spaemann, R. (2000). Personas. Acerca de la distinción entre ≪algo≫ y ≪alguien≫. Navarra: Eunsa.Google Scholar
- Specter, M. (2009). A life of its own. Where will synthetic biology lead us? (pp. 56–65). New York: New Yorker.Google Scholar