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Food and Bioprocess Technology

, Volume 12, Issue 7, pp 1102–1109 | Cite as

Optimization of Pulsed Electric Field Treatment for the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds from Blackcurrant

  • Maite Gagneten
  • Graciela Leiva
  • Daniela Salvatori
  • Carolina ScheborEmail author
  • Nahuel Olaiz
Original Paper
  • 193 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this work was to enhance the bioactive compounds extraction of blackcurrant using pulsed electric fields (PEF) technology. An experimental design was performed to find the best PEF conditions using the desirability approach and response surface methodology. The effect of the electric field strength and the treatment time over the total polyphenolic content (TPC) and the antioxidant activity (AA) was analyzed. The optimum treating conditions were found to be 1318 V/cm and 315 pulses, and resulted in increments of 19%, 45%, and 6%, for TPC, AA, and total monomeric anthocyanins, respectively. Two initial temperatures were studied (10 and 22 °C) during electroporation. A significant effect of temperature over PEF treatment was observed. The PEF treatment was appropriate for increasing the extraction of bioactive compounds, leading to improved blackcurrant juices that could be used as ingredients for functional foods.

Keywords

PEF Polyphenols Anthocyanins Antioxidant activity Blackcurrant 

Notes

Funding

The authors acknowledge the financial support of UBACYT 20020150100188BA, UNCOMA 04/L007, UBACYT 20620130100027, PIP 11220170100863CO, and PICT 2014/2250.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de IndustriasUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET, Instituto de Tecnología de Alimentos y Procesos Químicos (ITAPROQ)University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Química OrgánicaUniversity of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.PROBIEN (CONICET)National University of ComahueBuenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Members of CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Instituto de Física del Plasma (INFIP, UBA-CONICET)University of Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina

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