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Effects of Soy and Corn Flour Addition on Batter Rheology and Quality of Deep Fat-Fried Shrimp Nuggets

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of soy and corn flour (5 and 10% w/w) addition to the batter formulation on the quality of deep fat-fried shrimp nuggets were evaluated. Rheological properties of batters, coating pick-up, moisture content, and oil content of the samples were determined. Shrimp nuggets were fried at 150 °C, 170 °C, 190 °C, for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 min. The coating pick-up, oil and moisture content were found to be directly proportional to batter viscosity. All batters were found to show shear thinning behavior by exhibiting flow behavior index ≤ 1. The batters were modeled as power law fluids. Batter formulation, frying time, and temperature significantly (p < 0.01) affected moisture and oil content of shrimp nuggets. Soy flour added batters provided the highest consistency index, 7.595 and 10.635 Pa.sn for 5% and 10% soy flour added, respectively. Soy flour was found to be an effective ingredient in decreasing oil content of fried nuggets. Batters containing 5% corn flour showed the lowest moisture content and the highest oil content among all the formulations. The mean moisture and fat content of shrimp nuggets coated with batter contained 10% soy and 5% corn flour, fried at 190 °C, for 5 min were 0.59 ± 0.022, 0.480 ± 0.029 and 0.149 ± 0.035, 0.346 ± 0.024 (g/g db), respectively.

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Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the funding support of Iranian Northeast Food Technology and Biotech Park.

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Correspondence to Mohebbat Mohebbi.

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Dehghan Nasiri, F., Mohebbi, M., Tabatabaee Yazdi, F. et al. Effects of Soy and Corn Flour Addition on Batter Rheology and Quality of Deep Fat-Fried Shrimp Nuggets. Food Bioprocess Technol 5, 1238–1245 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-010-0423-4

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Keywords

  • Batter
  • Flour
  • Frying
  • Physical properties
  • Shrimp nugget