Management of Serrated Polyps of the Colon

  • Claire Fan
  • Adam Younis
  • Christine E. Bookhout
  • Seth D. Crockett
Colon (JC Anderson, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Colon

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review is to summarize the management of serrated colorectal polyps (SPs), with a particular focus on the most common premalignant SP, sessile serrated adenoma or polyp (SSA/P). These lesions present a challenge for endoscopists with respect to detection and resection, and are also susceptible to pathologic misdiagnosis.

Recent Findings

Patients with SSA/Ps are at an increased risk of future colorectal neoplasia, including advanced polyps and cancer. Reasonable benchmarks for SP detection rates are 5–7% for SSA/Ps and 10–12% for proximal SPs. Certain endoscopic techniques such as chromoendoscopy, narrow band imaging, water immersion, and wide-angle viewing may improve SSA/P detection. Emerging endoscopic techniques such as underwater polypectomy, suction pseudopolyp technique, and piecemeal cold snare polypectomy are helpful tools for the endoscopist’s armamentarium for removing SSA/Ps. Proper orientation of SSA/P specimens can improve the accuracy of pathology readings. Patients with confirmed SSA/Ps and proximal HPs should undergo surveillance at intervals similar to what is recommended for patients with conventional adenomas. Patients with SSA/Ps may also be able to lower their risk of future polyps by targeting modifiable risk factors including tobacco and alcohol use and high-fat diets. NSAIDs and aspirin appear to be protective agents.

Summary

SPs and SSA/Ps in particular are important colorectal cancer precursors that merit special attention to ensure adequate detection, resection, and surveillance.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer prevention Colonoscopy Serrated polyps Quality metrics Polypectomy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Dr. Crockett’s effort is supported in part by a grant from the NIH (KL2TR001109).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Claire Fan, Adam Younis, and Christine E. Bookhout declare no conflict of interest.

Seth D. Crockett has received research funding (Clinical trial agreements or study grants) from Exact Sciences and ColoWrap, Inc.

Human and animal rights and informed consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claire Fan
    • 1
  • Adam Younis
    • 1
  • Christine E. Bookhout
    • 2
  • Seth D. Crockett
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.Division of Gastroenterology and HepatologyUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA

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