Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty in Patients With Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Panagiotis Karyofyllis
  • Varvara Papadopoulou
  • Vassilis Voudris
  • Hiromi Matsubara
Coronary Artery Disease (D Feldman and V Voudris, Section Editors)
  • 139 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract

Purpose of review

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is the only potentially curable form of precapillary pulmonary hypertension. Although pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is the preferred management strategy, a significant number of CTEPH patients will have an inoperable disease. As drug therapy is not expected to offer relief from the mechanical component of the disease, the novel technique of balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has provided a new therapeutic option for patients with inoperable CTEPH. This review will discuss the contemporary use of BPA technique in inoperable CTEPH patients highlighting the effectiveness and safety of this therapeutic option.

Recent findings

Data supporting the role of BPA in inoperable CTEPH are limited to observational studies. However, these observational studies report consistent findings that BPA results in marked improvements in pulmonary hemodynamics and exercise capacity indicating its efficacy and safety as a treatment strategy in inoperable CTEPH patients.

Summary

Summarizing, BPA is an emerging treatment option providing marked improvements in parameters affecting the outcome of CTEPH patients, but multicenter studies are needed to confirm the safety and the long-term efficacy of the procedure, before BPA can be recommended as an established treatment for CTEPH.

Keywords

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension Balloon pulmonary angioplasty Pulmonary endarterectomy 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Panagiotis Karyofyllis has received lecture fees from Actelion Pharmaceuticals Hellas, Bayer Hellas, and GlaxoSmithKline.

Varvara Papadopoulou declares no potential conflicts of interest related with this article.

Vassilis Voudris is a section editor for Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine.

Hiromi Matsubara has received lecture fees from Actelion Pharmaceuticals Japan, AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals, Bayer Yakuhin, GlaxoSmithKline, Nippon Shinyaku, and Pfizer Japan, and a research grant from Nippon Shinyaku.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).

References and Recommended Reading

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panagiotis Karyofyllis
    • 1
  • Varvara Papadopoulou
    • 1
  • Vassilis Voudris
    • 1
  • Hiromi Matsubara
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Interventional CardiologyOnassis Cardiac Surgery CenterAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Science and Department of CardiologyNational Hospital Organization Okayama Medical CenterOkayamaJapan

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