Cultural Aspects in Symptomatology, Assessment, and Treatment of Personality Disorders
Purpose of Review
This review discusses cultural trends, challenges, and approaches to assessment and treatment of personality traits and disorders. Specific focus include current developments in the Asian, Italian, Iranian, and Australian societies, as well as the process of acculturation, following moves between cultures with the impact on healthy and disordered personality function.
Each culture with its specific history, dimensions, values, and practices influences and gears the individual and family or group in unique ways that affect personality functioning. Similarly, each culture provides means of protection and assimilation as well as norms for acceptance and denunciations of specific behaviors and personality traits.
The diagnosis of personality disorders and their treatment need to take into consideration the individual in the context of the culture and society in which they live. Core personality problems, especially emotion dysregulation and interpersonal functioning are specifically influenced by cultural norms and context.
KeywordsPersonality disorders Acculturation Stigma Trauma Adjustment Emotional sensitivity
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Elsa F. Ronningstam, Shian-Ling Keng, Maria Elena Ridolfi, Mohammad Arbabi, and Brin F.S. Grenyer declare no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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