Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 198–204 | Cite as

Recent Advances in Understanding Bisphosphonate Effects on Bone Mechanical Properties

Biomechanics (G Niebur and J Wallace, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Biomechanics

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

Bisphosphonates have well-established effects on suppressing bone resorption and slowing bone loss, yet the effects on bone mechanical properties are less clear. We review recent data from pre-clinical and clinical experiments that assessed mechanical properties of bisphosphonate-treated specimens.

Recent Findings

Pre-clinical work has utilized new techniques to show reduced fatigue life and transfer of stress from the mineral to collagen. Several notable studies have examined mechanical properties of tissue from patients treated with bisphosphonates with mixed results. Pre-clinical data suggest effects on mechanics may be independent of remodeling suppression.

Summary

The direct effect of bisphosphonates on bone mechanics remains unclear but recent work has set a solid foundation for the coming years.

Keywords

Atypical fracture Zoledronate Remodeling suppression Anti-remodeling Biomechanics 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Matthew Allen declares no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medicine-Nephrology and Orthopaedic SurgeryIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringIndiana University Purdue University of IndianapolisIndianapolisUSA
  3. 3.Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical CenterIndianapolisUSA

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