Current Diabetes Reports

, 17:111 | Cite as

Keeping Up with the Diabetes Technology: 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines of Insulin Pump Therapy and Continuous Glucose Monitor Management of Diabetes

Pharmacologic Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (HE Lebovitz and G Bahtiyar, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pharmacologic Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes


Purpose of Review

Decades after the invention of insulin pump, diabetes management has encountered a technology revolution with the introduction of continuous glucose monitoring, sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy and closed-loop/artificial pancreas systems. In this review, we discuss the significance of the 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines for insulin pump therapy and continuous glucose monitoring and summarize findings from relevant diabetes technology studies that were conducted after the publication of the 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines.

Recent Findings

The 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines have been a great resource for clinicians managing diabetes in this new era of diabetes technology. There is good body of evidence indicating that using diabetes technology systems safely tightens glycemic control while managing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.


The first-generation diabetes technology systems will evolve as we gain more experience and collaboratively work to improve them with an ultimate goal of keeping people with diabetes complication and burden-free until the cure for diabetes becomes a reality.


Continuous glucose monitoring Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Insulin pump Hybrid closed-loop 



This manuscript is made possible by grants from International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Juvenile Diabetes Research Association International (JDRF), and The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust. We would like to thank Ela Pinar for her assistance in text formatting.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Alfonso Galderisi received research device support from Dexcom, Inc., USA.

Elise Schlissel has no conflict of interest.

Eda Cengiz is a speaker for NovoNordisk and serves on the advisory board for Novo Nordisk, MannKind, Adocia, and Lexicon.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfonso Galderisi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elise Schlissel
    • 3
  • Eda Cengiz
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and DiabetesYale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Women and Children’s HealthUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsYale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.Division of Pediatric EndocrinologyKoc University School of MedicineIstanbulTurkey

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