Keeping Up with the Diabetes Technology: 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines of Insulin Pump Therapy and Continuous Glucose Monitor Management of Diabetes
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Purpose of Review
Decades after the invention of insulin pump, diabetes management has encountered a technology revolution with the introduction of continuous glucose monitoring, sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy and closed-loop/artificial pancreas systems. In this review, we discuss the significance of the 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines for insulin pump therapy and continuous glucose monitoring and summarize findings from relevant diabetes technology studies that were conducted after the publication of the 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines.
The 2016 Endocrine Society Guidelines have been a great resource for clinicians managing diabetes in this new era of diabetes technology. There is good body of evidence indicating that using diabetes technology systems safely tightens glycemic control while managing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
The first-generation diabetes technology systems will evolve as we gain more experience and collaboratively work to improve them with an ultimate goal of keeping people with diabetes complication and burden-free until the cure for diabetes becomes a reality.
KeywordsContinuous glucose monitoring Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Insulin pump Hybrid closed-loop
This manuscript is made possible by grants from International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD), Juvenile Diabetes Research Association International (JDRF), and The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust. We would like to thank Ela Pinar for her assistance in text formatting.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Alfonso Galderisi received research device support from Dexcom, Inc., USA.
Elise Schlissel has no conflict of interest.
Eda Cengiz is a speaker for NovoNordisk and serves on the advisory board for Novo Nordisk, MannKind, Adocia, and Lexicon.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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