Immigrant Respiratory Health: a Diverse Perspective in Environmental Influences on Respiratory Health
Purpose of Review
The aim of this review is to examine the prevalence of and impact of environmental exposures in the workplace and home on immigrant respiratory health in the USA.
Few studies report levels of workplace and home environmental exposures for immigrant children and adults, and documenting these findings is an important first step to addressing their respiratory health concerns. Rates of respiratory disease are lowest upon first arrival and increase with duration of residency in the USA. Community Health Workers may be an efficacious intervention to reducing exposures and improving lung health among immigrant populations.
Immigrant children and adults have a high risk of occupational and home environmental exposures that can negatively affect their respiratory health. While limited studies exist, more documentation of these exposures and their impact on immigrant person’s respiratory health are needed to begin to tackle these disparities.
KeywordsAdult allergy Allergy Asthma Allergen exposure Immigrant allergy Immigration and allergy Occupational asthma Pediatric allergy
Thank you to Victoria Steigerwald for her assistance with formatting this manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This review is in compliant with ethical standards.
Conflict of Interest
Giselle Mosnaim receives research grant support from GlaxoSmithKline and Propeller Health, owns stock options in Electrocore, and serves as a consultant and/or member of a scientific advisory board for Electrocore, GlaxoSmithKline, Teva, Novartis, Astra Zeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Propeller Health. Andrea Pappalardo served on the Speaker’s Bureau for Boehringer Ingelheim in 2017.
Human and Animal Rights Informed Consent
All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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