Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 105–114 | Cite as

Restoration and sequestration of carbon and nitrogen in the degraded northern coastal area in Nile Delta, Egypt for climate change mitigation

  • Heba Elbasiouny
  • Mohamed Abowaly
  • Abd_Allah Gad
  • Adel Abu_Alkheir
  • Fathy Elbehiry


Most of coastal area in Nile Delta, Egypt, is salt-affected soils and have low carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) inputs as a result of declining vegetation growth and low net primary production. Therefore, this study amid to compare between C and N pools in degraded (uncultivated and salt-affected soil) and restored (cultivated and reclaimed 20 years ago) locations in North Nile Delta. and to examine the impact of cultivation on sequestering C and N pools in this area as one of the most important methods for mitigating climate change impacts. C and N pools increased significantly in surface soil from 2.99 and 0.43 Mgh−1 in uncultivated sites to 19.26 and 1.66 Mgh−1 in cultivated ones as salinity was reduced and net primary production was increased due to leaching and reclamation. Particulate (associated with sand) and nonparticulate (associated with clay +silt) soil organic C or N was significantly higher cultivated sites. In addition, nonparticulate organic C or N was lower than particulate part indicating and supporting the strong relationship between organic matter and clay. The sequestration rate (in approximately 1 m profile) was 1.69 and 0.14 Mgh−1 yr.−1 C and N pools respectively. Although the cultivation is leading to loss of organic matter in some areas; C and N in this coastal area are partially restored and stored. Therefore, restoration and appropriate management practices will lead to mitigate the negative impacts of climate change in this area.


Coastal area Salt-affected soil Restoration C and N pools C and N fractionations Nile delta Egypt 



Electrical conductivity in soil paste extract


Bulk density


Sodium adsorption ratio


Exchangeable sodium percentage


Cation exchange capacity


Total soil C


Total soil N


Soil organic carbon


Soil inorganic carbon


Carbon pool or stock


Nitrogen pool


Particulate organic carbon


Non-particulate organic C


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heba Elbasiouny
    • 1
  • Mohamed Abowaly
    • 2
  • Abd_Allah Gad
    • 3
  • Adel Abu_Alkheir
    • 2
  • Fathy Elbehiry
    • 2
  1. 1.Al_Azher UniversityTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Kafr-Elsheikh UniversityKafr ElsheikhEgypt
  3. 3.National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space SciencesCairoEgypt

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