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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 105–114 | Cite as

Restoration and sequestration of carbon and nitrogen in the degraded northern coastal area in Nile Delta, Egypt for climate change mitigation

  • Heba Elbasiouny
  • Mohamed Abowaly
  • Abd_Allah Gad
  • Adel Abu_Alkheir
  • Fathy Elbehiry
Article
  • 200 Downloads

Abstract

Most of coastal area in Nile Delta, Egypt, is salt-affected soils and have low carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) inputs as a result of declining vegetation growth and low net primary production. Therefore, this study amid to compare between C and N pools in degraded (uncultivated and salt-affected soil) and restored (cultivated and reclaimed 20 years ago) locations in North Nile Delta. and to examine the impact of cultivation on sequestering C and N pools in this area as one of the most important methods for mitigating climate change impacts. C and N pools increased significantly in surface soil from 2.99 and 0.43 Mgh−1 in uncultivated sites to 19.26 and 1.66 Mgh−1 in cultivated ones as salinity was reduced and net primary production was increased due to leaching and reclamation. Particulate (associated with sand) and nonparticulate (associated with clay +silt) soil organic C or N was significantly higher cultivated sites. In addition, nonparticulate organic C or N was lower than particulate part indicating and supporting the strong relationship between organic matter and clay. The sequestration rate (in approximately 1 m profile) was 1.69 and 0.14 Mgh−1 yr.−1 C and N pools respectively. Although the cultivation is leading to loss of organic matter in some areas; C and N in this coastal area are partially restored and stored. Therefore, restoration and appropriate management practices will lead to mitigate the negative impacts of climate change in this area.

Keywords

Coastal area Salt-affected soil Restoration C and N pools C and N fractionations Nile delta Egypt 

Abbreviations

ECe

Electrical conductivity in soil paste extract

BD

Bulk density

SAR

Sodium adsorption ratio

ESP

Exchangeable sodium percentage

CEC

Cation exchange capacity

TSC

Total soil C

TSN

Total soil N

SOC

Soil organic carbon

SIC

Soil inorganic carbon

CP

Carbon pool or stock

NP

Nitrogen pool

POC

Particulate organic carbon

NPOC

Non-particulate organic C

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heba Elbasiouny
    • 1
  • Mohamed Abowaly
    • 2
  • Abd_Allah Gad
    • 3
  • Adel Abu_Alkheir
    • 2
  • Fathy Elbehiry
    • 2
  1. 1.Al_Azher UniversityTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Kafr-Elsheikh UniversityKafr ElsheikhEgypt
  3. 3.National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space SciencesCairoEgypt

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