Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 23–34 | Cite as

Studies on survival and growth rate of transplanted Acroporidae in Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park, India

  • J. S. Yogesh Kumar
  • Ch. Satyanarayana
  • K. Venkataraman
  • K. Chandra


Fragments of live colonies of scleractinian coral Acropora sp. and Montipora sp. under the family Acroporiidae were collected from Gulf of Mannar and transplanted in Pirotan, Narara and Mithapur reefs of Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park. All the transplanted corals survived one complete season and it was observed that 87 nubbins out of the total 110 samples survived in Narara reef and 70 nubbins out of 102 samples stayed alive in Pirotan Island. Growth rate was measured for four months period, and it was found maximum in Narara reef, while minimum in Pirotan Island. The rate of sedimentation was higher during monsoon and low in winter season. Present study showed that species of Acropora and Montipora are suitable for transplantation in Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park, Gujarat, India.

Key Words

Transplantation Acropora Montipora Marine National Park Gulf of Kachchh India 



Authors are grateful to Chief Wild Life Warden, Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park and also thank to Mr. R.D. Kamboj, Chief Conservator of Forests, Mr. M. M. Bhalodi, Deputy Conservator of Forests and Mr. B. H. Dave Assistant Conservator of Forests, Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park for their immense support to conduct this study. Thanks are due to all project staff, in the Coral transplantation and restoration project, Zoological Survey of India, Jamnagar and thank to Dr. N. Marimuthu, Marine Scientist, GEC, Gujarat. The financial support provided by Integrated Coastal Zone Management project, State Project Management Unit, Gujarat and Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of India is duly acknowledged.


  1. Anderson K, Pratchett M, Baird A (2012) Summer growth rates at Lord Howe Island, Australia. Proceeding of the 12th International Coral reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia, 9–13Google Scholar
  2. Buddemeier RW, Kinzie RA (1976) Coral growth. Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 14:183–225Google Scholar
  3. Clark S, Edwards AJ (1995) Coral transplantation as an aid to reef rehabilitation: evaluation of a case study in the Maldive Islands. Coral Reefs 14:201–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deshmukhe G, Ramamoorthy K, Gupta RS (2000) On the coral reefs of gulf of Kachchh. Curr Sci 79(2):160–162Google Scholar
  5. Dixit AM, Kumar P, Kumar L, Pathak KD, Patel MI (2010) Economic valuation of coral reef systems in Gulf of Kachchh. Final Report. World Bank aided Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Project. Submitted to Gujarat Ecology Commission. 158 pp. GEC and BISAG. 2011. Coral atlas of Gujarat state. SPMU-ICZMP, Gujarat Ecology Commission, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India, 96 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Edwards AJ, Clark S (1998) Coral transplantation; a useful management tool or misguided meddling? Mar Pollut Bull 37:474–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Edwards AJ, Gomez ED (2007) Reef restoration concepts and guidelines: making sensible management choices in the face of uncertainty. Coral reef targeted research & capacity building for management programme: St Lucia, Australia. iv + 38 pp. ISBN 978–1–921317-00-2. []
  8. Edwards PJK, Jamila P, Mathew G (2006) Restoration techniques for conservation and management of coral reefs. National training workshop on marine and coastal biodiversity assessment for conservation and sustainable utilization. SDMRI special research No. 10. Suganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute, 44, Beach road, Tuticorin – 628001, Tamil Nadu, India. 280–286Google Scholar
  9. English S, Wilkinson C, Baker V (eds) (1997) Survey manual for tropical marine resources. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia, 1–390 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Geetha S, Kumar JSY (2012) Status of corals (order: Sclerectinia) and associated fauna of Thoothukudi and Vembar group of islands, gulf of Mannar, India. Int J Sci Nature 3(2):340–349Google Scholar
  11. Graham BD, Fitzgerald PS (1999) New technique for hard coral reattachment field tested following two recent ship groundings. In: Program and Abstracts. International conference on Scientific Aspects of Coral Reef Assessment, Monitoring and Restoration. National Coral Reef Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Florida, 95–96Google Scholar
  12. Hammer O (2012) PAST—paleontological statistics version 2.15 reference manual. Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, OsloGoogle Scholar
  13. Harriott VJ (1999) Coral growth in subtropical eastern Australia. Coral Reefs 18:281–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Joshi H, Marimuthu N (2015) Forbidding invasive species – a way to attain sustainability of the coastal ecosystem. Curr Sci 108(2):151–152Google Scholar
  15. Kamalakannan B, Joyson Joe Jeevamani J, Arun Nagendran N, Pandiaraja D, Chandrasekaran S (2014) Impact of removal of invasive species Kappaphycus alvarezii from coral reef ecosystem in Gulf of Mannar, India. Curr Sci 106(10):1401–1408Google Scholar
  16. Kleypas JA, McManuc JW, Menez LAB (1999) Environmental limits to coral reef development: where do we draw the line? Am Zool 39:146–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar JSY, Geetha S (2012a) Seasonal variations of trace metal accumulation on coral reef in gulf of Mannar, India. Int J Appl Biol Pharm Technol, (ISSN 0976–4550) 3(3):61–88Google Scholar
  18. Kumar JSY, Geetha S (2012b) Seasonal changes of hydrographic properties in sea water of coral reef islands, gulf of Mannar, India. Interl J Plant Animal and Environ Sci, (ISSN 2231–4490) 2(2):135–159Google Scholar
  19. Kumar JSY, Raghunathan C (2012) Recovery status of scleractinian corals and associated fauna in the Andaman and Nicobar islands. Phuket Mar Boil Center Res Bull 71:63–70Google Scholar
  20. Kumar JSY, Sornaraj R, Gladwin Gnana Asir N, Madhan Chakkaravarthy V, Christopher Roy TS (2010) Scleractinian diversity of Keelakarai Group of Islands in Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, Tamilnadu. Int J Biol Sci 1:59–66Google Scholar
  21. Kumar JSY, Geetha S, Sornaraj R (2014a) Seasonal changes of sedimentation rates and sediment characteristics status in the Gulf of Mannar coral island, India Int Letter of Nat Sci ISSN 2300–9675(1):8–24Google Scholar
  22. Kumar JSY, Marimuthu N, Geetha S, Satyanarayana C, Venkataraman K, Kamboj RD (2014b) Longitudinal variations of coral reef features in the marine National Park. Gulf of Kachchh J Coast Conserv 18(3):167–175. doi: 10.1007/s11852-014-0303-6
  23. Maragos JE (1974) Coral transplantation: a method to create, preserve and manage coral reefs. Sea Grant advisory report UINHI-SEAGRANT-AR-74-03, CORMAR- 14, 30 pp. Scholar
  24. Marimuthu N, Dharani G, Vinithkumar NV, Vijayakumaran M, Kirubagaran R (2011) Recovery status of sea anemones from bleaching event of 2010 in the Andaman waters. Curr Sci 101(6):734–736Google Scholar
  25. Marimuthu N, Wilson JJ, Vinithkumar NV, Kirubagaran R (2013) Coral reef recovery status of south Andaman Islands after the bleaching event 2010. J Ocean Univ China 14(1):91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mathews G, Edward JKP (2005) Feasibility of enhancing coral biomass by transplanting branching and non-branching corals – a preliminary report. Proceedings of the national seminar on reef ecosystem remediation. SDMRI Res. Publ., 9. Suganthi Devadasan Marine Research Institute, 44, Beach road, Tuticorin – 628001, Tamilnadu, India, 84–89Google Scholar
  27. Oliver JK, Chalker BE, Dunlap WC (1983) Bathymetric adaptations of reef building corals at Davies reef, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Long – term growth-responses of Acropora formosa (Dana, 1846). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 73:11–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Parasharya D, Padate G (2013) Status of scleractinian corals of Narara reef in the Gulf of Kachchh, western India. Jalaplavit 4(3):49–59Google Scholar
  29. Patel MI (1978) Generic diversity of Scleractinians around Poshetra point, Gulf of Kutch. Indian J Mar Sci 7:30–32Google Scholar
  30. Patel MI (1985) Patchy corals of the Gulf of Kutch. Proc Symp Endangered Marine Animals and Marine Parks 1:411–413Google Scholar
  31. Pillai CSG, Patel MI (1988) Scleractinian corals from the Gulf of Kutch. J Mar Biol Assoc India 30(1&2):54–74Google Scholar
  32. Pillai CSG, Rajagopalan MS, Varghese MA (1979) Preliminary report on a reconnaissance survey of the major coastal and marine ecosystems in the Gulf of Kutch. Mar Fish Inf Serv Tech Ext Ser 14:16–20Google Scholar
  33. Putchim L, Thongtham N, Hewett A, Chansang H (2008) Survival and growth of Acropora sp. in mid-water nursery and after transplantation at Phi Phi Islands, Andaman Sea, Thailand. Proceeding of the 11th International coral reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7–11 July 2008 Session No. 24. 1258–1261Google Scholar
  34. Raghunathan C, Gupta RS, Wangikar U, Lakhmapurkar J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea. Curr Sci 87(8):1131–1138Google Scholar
  35. Raghuraman C, Raghunathan C, Venkataraman K (2014) Present status of coral reef in India. In: K. Venkataraman et al. (ed) Ecology and conservation of tropical marine faunal communities. doi: 10.1007/978–3–642-38200-0_23, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 351–379
  36. Ramamoorthy K, Sankar G, Sakkaravarthi K (2012) Assessment of reef associated biota in the Pirotan Island, gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India. J Exp Bio 2(3):551–561Google Scholar
  37. Rashid MA (1985) Gujarat’s gulf of Kutch. Proc Symp Endangered Marine Animals and Marine Parks 1:467–474Google Scholar
  38. Satyanarayana Ch, Ramakrishna (2009) Handbook on hard corals of GoK. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 114 pGoogle Scholar
  39. Tamelander J, Rajasuriya A (2008) Status of coral reefs in South Asia: Bangladesh, Chagos, India, Maldives and Sri Lanka. In: Status of coral reefs of the world: 2008. Wilkinson C (ed) Global coral reef monitoring network and reef and rainforest research centre, Townsville, pp 119–130. Accessed 7 February 2013
  40. Thornton SL (1999) Depth distribution, growth rates and photoacclimation of the green and brown colour morphotypes of the scleractinian coral Porites astreoides. Master’s thesis, Nova Southeastern Oceanographic center, Nova Southeastern University, Dania, FIGoogle Scholar
  41. Venkataraman K, Rajan PT (1998) Coral reefs of mahatma Gandhi marine National Park and crown of thron phenomenon. In: Gangwar B, Chandra K (eds) Symposium Proceedings Island ecosystem and sustainable development. Andaman Science Association and Department of Science and Technology. Andaman and Nicobar Administration, Port Blair, pp. 124–132Google Scholar
  42. Venkataraman K, Wafar M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India. Ind J Mar Sci 34(1):57–75Google Scholar
  43. Venkataraman K, Satyanarayana Ch, Alfred JRB, Wolstenholme J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India. Zoological survey of India, Govt. of India, KolkataGoogle Scholar
  44. Venkataraman, K., Raghunathan, C., Raghuraman, R., Sivaperuman, C., Sreeraj, C. R., Titus Immanuel, Kumar JSY (2012). Scleractinia of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. (ISBN 978–81–8171-316-2) Rec Zool Surv India, No., 1–304Google Scholar
  45. Venkatesh M, Koya SI (2006) Coral transplantation in lakshadweep atoll, Indian Ocean. Newsletter of the Re-Introduction specialist group of IUCN’s, No-25, 7–8Google Scholar
  46. Wilson JJ, Marimuthu N (2012) Post-bleaching recovery of transplanted coral nubbins in Abu Al Abyad Island of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Galaxea, J Coral Reef Stud 14:1–2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zobrist EC (1999) Coral reef restoration and protection from vessel groundings. Gulf estuarine research society spring meeting, Galveston, Texas, 26-28 March 1998, Gulf Research Reports 10: 85 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Yogesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Ch. Satyanarayana
    • 1
  • K. Venkataraman
    • 2
  • K. Chandra
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.National Centre for Sustainable Coastal EcosystemAnna University CampusChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations