How do sustainability reports from the Nordic and the Mediterranean European countries compare

  • Manuel Castelo Branco
  • Catarina Delgado
  • Carla Marques
Original Paper


This study investigates the sustainability reporting practices of companies based in the Nordic and the Mediterranean European countries for the period 2013–2015. Its purpose is to analyse to what extent, if any, are there differences in these practices. It seeks to capture the influence of national institutions and firm specific characteristics in sustainability reporting. Non-parametric statistics are used to analyse some factors which influence disclosure, namely country, industry affiliation, type of property, listing status and size. In accordance with the theoretical frame used, that of the varieties of capitalism approach, findings suggest that in general companies from Mediterranean European countries present higher levels of engagement with the Global Reporting Initiative.


Mediterranean countries Nordic countries Sustainability reporting 

JEL Classification

M4 M14 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Castelo Branco
    • 1
  • Catarina Delgado
    • 1
  • Carla Marques
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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