JOM

, Volume 69, Issue 11, pp 2364–2372 | Cite as

Extraction and Separation of Tin from Tin-Bearing Secondary Resources: A Review

  • Zijian Su
  • Yuanbo Zhang
  • Bingbing Liu
  • Manman Lu
  • Guanghui Li
  • Tao Jiang
Article

Abstract

The proven global tin reserves were reported to be approximately 4.7 million tons (Mts) in 2016, and among these resources, only approximately 2.2 Mts can be recovered economically. The original tin deposits will be exhausted in several years, therefore, tin-bearing secondary resources, such as tin alloy, tin anode slime, e-wastes, tin slag and tin-bearing tailings, will become the primary source from which tin can be extracted. Many investigations have been conducted on the recovery of tin from these tin-bearing materials. However, the separation and recovery approaches of tin vary significantly, since the content and phase compositions of tin are totally different in these secondary resources. This paper reviews these methods of extracting and separating tin from different kinds of tin-bearing secondary resources.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors express their heartfelt thanks to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51574283 and 51234008) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (No. 2016JJ2143).

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zijian Su
    • 1
  • Yuanbo Zhang
    • 1
  • Bingbing Liu
    • 1
  • Manman Lu
    • 1
  • Guanghui Li
    • 1
  • Tao Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Minerals Processing and BioengineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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