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Screening for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children—methodological considerations

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Abstract

Despite the fact that approximately 1 to 4% of all children suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), there are some uncertainties regarding the usefulness and procedures of screening for this condition. This narrative review sums up important and screening-related aspects of OSA and discuss screening procedures with regard to methodological aspects.

Keywords

Obstructive sleep apnoea Children Diagnosis Screening Prognosis 

Screeninguntersuchungen zur Erfassung der obstruktiven Schlafapnoe bei Kindern – methodische Betrachtungen

Zusammenfassung

Obwohl die obstruktive Schlafapnoe (OSA) bei etwa 1–4 % aller Kinder auftritt, wird die Frage, ob und welche Screeninguntersuchungen durchgeführt werden sollten, in der Literatur kontrovers diskutiert. Im Rahmen dieser narrativen Übersichtsarbeit werden zunächst die für ein Screening bedeutsamen Aspekte der OSA dargestellt und im Folgenden mögliche Screeningverfahren unter Berücksichtigung methodischer Gesichtspunkte diskutiert.

Schlüsselwörter

Obstruktive Schlafapnoe Kinder Diagnostik Screening Prognose 

Notes

Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

S. Schmiedl and M.S. Urschitz declare that they have no competing interests.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philipp Klee-Institute for Clinical PharmacologyHELIOS Clinic WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Faculty of HealthWitten/Herdecke UniversityWittenGermany
  3. 3.Division of Paediatric Epidemiology, Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and InformaticsUniversity Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University MainzMainzGermany

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