Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 1000–1008 | Cite as

Application of ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles coated onto montmorillonite in the presence of H2O2 for efficient removal of cephalexin from aqueous solutions

  • Rasoul Khosravi
  • Ahmad Zarei
  • Mohsen Heidari
  • Ali Ahmadfazeli
  • Mehdi Vosughi
  • Mehdi Fazlzadeh
Materials (Organic, Inorganic, Electronic, Thin Films)


This study considers the feasibility of uptake of cephalexin, an emerging contaminant, from aqueous solutions by using green local montmorillonite (GLM), montmorillonite coated with ZnO (ZnO/GLM) and montmorillonite coated with TiO2 (TiO2/GLM) in the presence of H2O2. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out as a function of pH, initial concentration of the cephalexin, adsorbent dosage, contact time, and temperature. Finally, the adsorbents were characterized by XRD, SEM and FTIR analyses. XRD patterns showed dramatic changes in the adsorbents after loading with the nanoparticles, confirming successful placing of the nanoparticles onto GLM. The GLM mineral surface after nanoparticle loading appears to be fully exposed and more porous with irregular shapes in particles diameters of 1-50 microns. FTIR analyses also confirmed dramatic changes in surface functional groups after modification with these nanoparticles. The results showed that the removal efficiency of cephalexin was better at lower pH values. Totally, the removal efficiency increased with increase in adsorbent dosage and contact time and decreased with concentration and temperature increase. The thermodynamics values of ΔG o and ΔH o revealed that the adsorption process was spontaneous and exothermic. In isotherm study, the maximum adsorption capacities (qm) were obtained to be 7.82, 17.09 and 49.26 mg/g for GLM, ZnO/GLM and TiO2/GLM, respectively. Temkin constant (B T ) showed that adsorption of cephalexin from solution was exothermic for all three adsorbents.


Adsorption Cephalexin Montmorillonite Nanoparticles 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rasoul Khosravi
    • 1
  • Ahmad Zarei
    • 2
  • Mohsen Heidari
    • 3
  • Ali Ahmadfazeli
    • 4
  • Mehdi Vosughi
    • 4
  • Mehdi Fazlzadeh
    • 5
  1. 1.Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of HealthBirjand University of Medical SciencesBirjandIran
  2. 2.Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthGonabad University of Medical SciencesGonabadIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of HealthHormozgan University of Medical SciencesBandar AbbasIran
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthArdabil University of Medical SciencesArdabilIran
  5. 5.Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthArdabil University of Medical SciencesArdabilIran

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