Journal of Central South University

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 368–378

# Kinematic analysis of shallow tunnel in layered strata considering joined effects of settlement and seepage

Article

## Abstract

The purpose of this work is to predict the state of collapse in shallow tunnel in layered strata by using a new curved failure mechanism within the framework of upper bound theorem. Particular emphasis is first given to consider the effects of seepage forces and surface settlement. Furthermore, the Hoek-Brown nonlinear failure criterion is adopted to analyze the influence of different factors on the collapsing shape. Two different curve functions which describe two different rock layers are obtained by virtual work equations under the variational principle. According to the numerical results, the parameter B in Hoek-Brown failure criterion and the unit weights in different rock layers have a positive relationship with the size of collapsing block while pore pressure coefficient and the parameter A in Hoek-Brown failure criterion present a reverse tend.

## Key words

collapse mechanism layered rocks Hoek-Brown criterion seepage force surface settlement

# 沉降与渗流联合作用下层状地层浅埋隧道运动分析

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