Applied Geophysics

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 590–605 | Cite as

Forward modeling and inversion of tensor CSAMT in 3D anisotropic media

  • Tao Wang
  • Kun-Peng Wang
  • Han-Dong Tan


Tensor controlled-source audio-frequency magnetotellurics (CSAMT) can yield information about electric and magnetic fields owing to its multi-transmitter configuration compared with the common scalar CSAMT. The most current theories, numerical simulations, and inversion of tensor CSAMT are based on far-field measurements and the assumption that underground media have isotropic resistivity. We adopt a three-dimensional (3D) staggered-grid finite difference numerical simulation method to analyze the resistivity in axial anisotropic and isotropic media. We further adopt the limited-memory Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno (LBFGS) method to perform 3D tensor CSAMT axial anisotropic inversion. The inversion results suggest that when the underground structure is anisotropic, the isotropic inversion will introduce errors to the interpretation.


tensor CSAMT staggered-grid finite difference method axial anisotropy LBFGS 


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The authors are grateful to Jorge Nocedal’s team for providing the LBFGS code.


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Copyright information

© Editorial Office of Applied Geophysics and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Radiation and Sensing TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of GeophysicsChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  3. 3.School of Geophysics and information TechnologyChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Geo-detection (China University of Geosciences)Ministry of EducationBeijingChina

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