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Internal and Emergency Medicine

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 179–182 | Cite as

Plasma derived protein C in severe sepsis: report of two cases

  • A. TuttolomondoEmail author
  • A. Pinto
  • D. Di Raimondo
  • P. Fernandez
  • G. Licata
CE - Letter to the Editor

Severe sepsis is defined as sepsis-associated organ dysfunction, (arterial hypoxemia, acute oliguria, coagulation abnormalities, thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia), hypoperfusion (hyperlactatemia) and arterial hypotension (mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, or a systolic blood pressure decrease >40 mmHg) [3, 4]. Septic shock [3, 4] is defined as acute circulatory failure induced by sepsis with hypotension despite adequate fluid resuscitation.

A dysfunction of the protein C (PC) pathway is always present in severe sepsis and contributes to the development of coagulopathy and necrosis [12, 13]. This decrease is caused by consumption of protein C during systemic activation of blood coagulation and by reduced hepatic synthesis owing to septic liver dysfunction, but also by degradation of protein C by proteolytic enzymes, such as elastase, released by white blood cells [7].

Numerous studies have demonstrated that decreased circulating levels of protein C in septic patients are associated...

Keywords

Severe Sepsis Mean Arterial Pressure Teicoplanin Sofa Score Drotrecogin Alfa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© SIMI 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Tuttolomondo
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Pinto
    • 1
  • D. Di Raimondo
    • 1
  • P. Fernandez
    • 1
  • G. Licata
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Department of Internal and Specialist MedicineUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly

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