A method of determining flame radiation fraction induced by interaction burning of tri-symmetric propane fires in open space based on weighted multi-point source model


The interaction of multiple fires may lead to a higher flame height and more intense radiation flux than a single fire, which increases the possibility of flame spread and risks to the surroundings. Experiments were conducted using three burners with identical heat release rates (HRRs) and propane as the fuel at various spacings. The results show that flames change from non-merging to merging as the spacing decreases, which result in a complex evolution of flame height and merging point height. To facilitate the analysis, a novel merging criterion based on the dimensionless spacing S/zc was proposed. For non-merging flames (S/zc > 0.368), the flame height is almost identical to a single fire; for merging flames (S/zc ⩽ 0.368), based on the relationship between thermal buoyancy B and thrust P (the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the flame), a quantitative analysis of the flame height, merging point height, and air entrainment was formed, and the calculated merging flame heights show a good agreement with the measured experimental values. Moreover, the multi-point source model was further improved, and radiation fraction of propane was calculated. The data obtained in this study would play an important role in calculating the external radiation of propane fire.

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 52036009 and 51722605).

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Correspondence to Jie Ji.

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Ji, J., Duan, J. & Wan, H. A method of determining flame radiation fraction induced by interaction burning of tri-symmetric propane fires in open space based on weighted multi-point source model. Front. Energy (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11708-020-0716-x

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  • flame interaction
  • air entrainment
  • flame height
  • multi-point source model
  • thermal radiation